08th June, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – Seed Minikit Programme 2021, 3rd Advance Estimate of Principal Crops for 2020-21, Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20, State of India’s Environment Report 2021, President of FINA, World Food Safety Day, World Oceans Day

Bulletins

  1. Union Agriculture Minister Sh. Narendra Singh Tomar launched the Seed Minikit Programme 2021 to increase the production of pulses and oilseeds in the country under the National Food Security Mission.

  2. 3rd Advance Estimate of Principal Crops for 2020-21 has been released by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

  3. Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of Education has released the “Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 of All States and UTs on School Education”.

  4. Centre for Science and Environment has released the State of India’s Environment Report 2021.

  5. Husain Al Musallam (from Kuwait) has been appointed as the President of FINA (International Swimming Federation) for 2021-25 at the FINA General Conference in Doha.

  6. World Food Safety Day is observed on June 7 by UN.

  7. World Oceans Day is observed on June 8 by UN.

Table of Content

Agriculture and Rural Development

  1. Union Agriculture Minster Sh. Narendra Singh Tomar launched the Seed Minikit Programme 2021 to increase the production of pulses and oilseeds in the country under the National Food Security Mission.
      • The Seed Minikits programme is a major tool for introducing new varieties of seeds in the fields and increasing the seed replacement rate.
          • Seed replacement rate – It refers to the percentage of area sown with certified/quality seeds out of the total cultivated area under a crop in a season.
      • The mini kits are being provided by the National Seeds Corporation (NCS), NAFED and Gujarat State Seeds Corporation.
      • The program is wholly funded by the Government of India through the National Food Security Mission.
    Additional Facts:
      • The minister also distributed Seed Minikits (higher yielding varieties of seeds) to farmers.
      • The distribution of seeds will continue till 15th June 2021 so that the seeds reach the farmers before the Kharif sowing commences.
      • Over 20 lakh Seed Minikits of pulses (which 10 times more than last year), more than 8 lakh Soybean seed mini kits, and 74,000 Groundnut mini kits will be distributed this year.
      • Data on Oilseed and Pulses Production – The production of Oilseeds has increased from 27.51 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 36.57 million tonnes in 2020-21 (3rd advance estimates), while pulses production has increased from 17.15 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 25.56 million tonnes in 2020-21 (3rd advance estimates) due to different initiatives of the govt.
  2. 3rd Advance Estimate of Principal Crops for 2020-21 has been released by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
      • Total food grain production this year is higher by 7.94 million tonnes than the production of food grain of 297.50 million tonnes achieved during 2019-20.
      • Further, the production during 2020-21 is higher by 26.66 million tonnes than the previous five years’ (2015-16 to 2019-20) average production of food grain.
      • Mustard production target for 2020-21 is set at 10 million tonnes.
Crop Production Estimate
Total Foodgrains 305.44 million tonnes. (record)
Rice 121.46 million tonnes. (record)
Wheat 108.75 million tonnes. (record)
Nutri / Coarse Cereals 49.66 million tonnes.
Maize 30.24 million tonnes. (record)
Pulses 25.58 million tonnes.
Tur 4.14 million tonnes.
Gram 12.61 million tonnes. (record)
Oilseeds
⚬ Groundnut - 10.12 million tonnes (record)
⚬ Soyabean - 13.41 million tonnes
⚬ Rapeseed and Mustard - 9.99 million tonnes (record)
36.57 million tonnes
Sugarcane 392.80 million tonnes
Cotton 36.49 million bales (of 170 kg each)
Jute & Mesta 9.62 million bales (of 180 kg each)

Reports & Indices

  1. Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of Education has released the “Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 of All States and UTs on School Education”.
      • The index aims to measure the performance of states / UTs in the field of school education and catalyst the transformation in the school education ecosystem in India.
    Parameters:
      • Total two categories which are divided into domains are used. These domains are further divided into indicators for assessment of the performance of states and UTs.
      • Total 70 indicators are used.
PG index

Structure of Scoring:

    • Further, the index divided the rankings / performance of the states / UTs into groups based on their overall PGI scores for 2019-20.
    • Score for Ladakh has been counted for the first time.
PGI Chart

Performance of States/ UTs:

    • Best performing – Chandigarh, Andaman & Nicobar, Punjab, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu
    • Worst performing – Ladakh and Meghalaya
    • Most states / UTs have improved their scores in comparison to 2019-20.
Performance of States/ UTs:
Performance of States/ UTs:
  1. Centre for Science and Environment has released the State of India’s Environment Report 2021.
      • The index assessed the performance of countries and their preparedness to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
      • Total countries – 193 (which adopted the SDGs in 2015)
      • India’s rank has dropped by 2 points to 117 this year, from 115 in the previous year.
          • Reasons for drop – major challenges like ending hunger and achieving food security (SDG 2), achieving gender equality (SDG 5) and building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and fostering innovation (SDG 9) still remain in the country.
          • Overall score of India – 61.9 out of 100
      • India ranks below four South Asian countries — Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
      • State – wise –
          • Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh achieved the highest scores.
          • Jharkhand and Bihar are the least prepared to meet the SDGs by 2030.
        India’s performance on Environment:
          • In this report only, India was ranked 168 out of 180 countries in Environmental Performance Index (EPI) which is calculated on various indicators, including environmental health, climate, air pollution, sanitation and drinking water, ecosystem services, biodiversity, etc.
          • India ranks 172 in the environmental health category, which assesses how well countries are protecting their populations from environmental health risks.
        India’s ranking on other indices:
          • According to the Environmental Performance Index 2020 report by Yale University, India ranked 148th.
          • This is 21 positions behind Pakistan which was at 127th position in the category of biodiversity and habitat.
              • It assesses countries’ actions toward retaining natural ecosystems and protecting the full range of biodiversity within their borders.

Appointments

  1. Husain Al Musallam (from Kuwait) has been appointed as the President of FINA (International Swimming Federation) for 2021-25 at the FINA General Conference in Doha.
      • Sam Ramsamy (from South Africa) became the First Vice-President of FINA for 2021-25.
      • Virendra Nanavati became the first Indian to be appointed to the board of FINA as a member for 2021-25.
      • FINA HQ – Lausanne, Switzerland

Important Days

  1. World Food Safety Day is observed on June 7 by UN.
      • Theme – Safe food today for a healthy tomorrow
  2. World Oceans Day is observed on June 8 by UN.
      • Theme – The Ocean: Life and livelihoods

Start Quiz of 08th June 2021

Q.1) Which is the expense sharing ratio between centre and state in the Seed Minikit Program respectively?
 Q.2) What is the total food grain production estimate for 2020-21 as per the 3rd Advance Estimate of Principal Crops for 2020-21?
Q.3) How many total indicators were used in the Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20?
 Q.4) What is India’s rank in the State of India’s Environment Report 2021 of CSE?
 Q.5) Who has been appointed as the President of FINA?
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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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