12th and 13th June, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – online module for compiling out-of-school, Two Centres of Excellence (CoE) of the Border Roads Organisation, ‘Extension of Hospitals’ project, ‘Namaste Yoga’ mobile application, “Operation Olivia”, G7 Summit 2021, EnVision, World Day Against Child Labour

Bulletins

  1. Ministry of Education has developed an online module for compiling out-of-school (due to Covid-19 pandemic) children’s data identified by each State/UT.
  2. Two Centres of Excellence (CoE) of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) have been set up to foster growth in the construction of roads, bridges, airfields and tunnels as well as to ensure road safety.
  3. Central govt has launched ‘Extension of Hospitals‘ project in various states to remove a major health infrastructure gap in India’s fight against Covid-19, especially in rural areas and smaller towns.
  4. ‘Namaste Yoga’ mobile application has been launched in the curtain raiser event for the 7th International Day of Yoga (June 21).
  5. Indian Coast Guard has been conducting “Operation Olivia”, every year since the early 1980s, to protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting from November to December.
  6. PM Modi gave the “One Earth, One Health” Mantra at G7 summit which basically outlines the need for global cooperation and unity in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic.
  7. European Space Agency (ESA) has selected EnVision as its next orbiter to Venus on an Ariane 6 rocket.
  8. India’s foreign exchange reserves crossed $600 billion mark for the first time. As on June 4, the foreign exchange reserves stood at $605 billion.
  9. World Day Against Child Labour is observed on June 12 by International Labour Organisation.

Table of Content

National News

  1. Ministry of Education has developed an online module for compiling out-of-school (due to Covid-19 pandemic) children’s data identified by each State/UT.
      • The collected data will be mapped with special training centres on the PRABANDH portal of Samagra Shiksha.
          • PRABANDH (PRoject Appraisal, Budgeting, Achievements and Data Handling System) portal aims to leverage technology to increase efficiency in the implementation of Samagra Shiksha scheme.
      • Through the module, the government will facilitate admissions of children in the age group of 6-14 years and those belonging to socially and economically disadvantaged groups.
      • The children, who are in 16-18 years age group, will get financial assistance for the first time in the session 2021-22, to continue their education through open/distance learning mode.
  2. Two Centres of Excellence (CoE) of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) have been set up to foster growth in the construction of roads, bridges, airfields and tunnels as well as to ensure road safety.
      • The two centres have been established at the BRO’s headquarters in the national capital.
      • Centre of Excellence for Road Safety & Awareness aims to create awareness about road safety through analysis sharing of road accidents and suggesting methods to save precious lives.
      • Centre of Excellence for Roads, Bridges, Air Fields and Tunnels aims to institutionalise the knowledge of BRO in development of almost 60,000 kilometres of roads, 56,000 metres of bridges, 19 airfields and four tunnels in the eastern and north-western part of the country.
  3. Central govt has launched ‘Extension of Hospitals’ project in various states to remove a major health infrastructure gap in India’s fight against Covid-19, especially in rural areas and smaller towns.
      • Modular hospitals are an extension of hospital infrastructure and can be built adjacent to an existing hospital building.
      • Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) invited private sector companies, donor organizations, and individuals to support the initiative.
      • Modulus Housing, a start-up incubated at Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) developed the MediCAB hospitals. This enables building a 100-bedded extension facility in 3-weeks’ time, which will also include ICU.
      • In the first phase, 100 bedded hospitals are being commissioned at Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh); Amravati, Pune, and Jalna (Maharastra); Mohali (Punjab), and a 20-bed hospital at Raipur (Chhattisgarh). Bengaluru (Karnataka) will have one each of 20, 50, and 100-beds.
      • The Office of PSA has also collaborated with Tata Projects Ltd to deploy modular hospitals at multiple sites in Punjab and Chhattisgarh.
  4. ‘Namaste Yoga’ mobile application has been launched in the curtain raiser event for the 7th International Day of Yoga (June 21).
      • The event was organised by the Ministry of Ayush in association with the Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga.
      • It aims to raise awareness about yoga and make it accessible for the larger community.
      • Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga has produced a 10-episode series on various aspects of Common Yoga Protocol which would be telecast on DD India at 7 pm from today till the 21st of this month.
Namaste Yoga App

State News

  1. Indian Coast Guard has been conducting “Operation Olivia”, every year since the early 1980s, to protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting from November to December.
      • Under the operation, round-the-clock surveillance is conducted from November till May through Coast Guard assets like Fast patrol vessels, Interceptor craft, Air cushion vessels and Dornier aircraft.
      • Dense fishing activity through heavy equipment, along the coasts of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal, poses a severe threat to turtles.
      • Olive Ridley has one of the most extraordinary nesting habits in the natural world. It’s mass nesting habit is called arribadas. The Odisha coast has three arribada beaches at Gahirmatha, the mouth of the Devi river, and in Rushikulya.
      • A new mass nesting site has also been discovered in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

    Additional Facts:

      • Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) is listed as vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red list.
      • All five species of sea turtles found in India are included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
      • They are also in the Appendix I of the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which prohibits trade in turtle products by signatory countries.

International News

  1. G7 Summit 2021:
Dates – 11 to 13 June, 2021
Venue – Carbis Bay resort in Carbis Bay village, Cornwall, South West England
Edition – 47th
Theme – Build Back Better
President 2021 – UK
Members of G7 – Canada, US, UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Guests – India, Australia, Republic of Korea, and South Africa
This is the sixth time for UK to host this summit.
What PM Modi Said?
He gave the “One Earth, One Health” Mantra which basically outlines the need for global cooperation and unity in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic.
Modi highlighted ‘whole of society’ approach to fight Covid-19 wherein govt, industry and civil society are collaboratively fighting the pandemic. He also highlighted the deft use of digital technology in handling the cases in India.
He also referred to special responsibility of the ‘democratic and transparent societies to prevent future pandemics’.
PM Modi attended the meeting virtually.
This is the second time, PM Modi has been invited to the G7 summit. In 2019, France had also invited India as the Goodwill partner in the 45th edition of the G7 summit.
PM Modi emphasized to keep supply chains for vaccine raw material open to boost the production of vaccines.
PM Modi sought the support of G7 countries in its proposal (made in conjunction with South Africa at WTO) for waiving off TRIPS agreement on Covid-19 vaccines and drugs.
TRIPS - Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
It protects the Intellectual Property Rights in the global trade.
In terms of Vaccines, India and South Africa sought the waiver of IPR protection for technologies needed to prevent, contain, or treat COVID-19 “until widespread vaccination is in place globally, and the majority of the world’s population has developed immunity.”
TRIPS came into being, along with WTO, in 1995.
In 2001, Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health clarified that “the TRIPS Agreement can and should be interpreted and implemented in a manner supportive of WTO members' right to protect public health and, in particular, to promote access to medicines for all”. In short, this declaration paved the way for waiving of TRIPS provisions for the sake of public health to ensure better accessibility to the essential medicines. This amendment was legalized in 2005 and it came into force on 23 January 2017.
This provides the legal basis for WTO members to grant special compulsory licences exclusively for the production and export of affordable medicines to other members that cannot domestically produce the needed medicines in sufficient quantities for their patients.
In 2005, India came into compliance of this agreement.
** Marrakesh Declaration of 1995, signed in Marrakesh, Morocco, established the World Trade Organization. TRIPS agreement is mentioned in the Annex 1C of this Declaration.
Priorities highlighted during the Summit:
Global recovery from Coronavirus, strengthening the resilience against pandemics concurrently.
  Future prosperity through free and fair trade.
  Tackling climate change and biodiversity conservation.
  Promoting shared values and open societies.
Carbis Bay Declaration:
G7 leaders signed the Carbis Bay Declaration to prevent future pandemics.
All G7 members will be bound to use their resources for preventing any future pandemics.
UK will establish a centre to develop vaccines for prevention of zoonotic disease, spreading from animals to humans.
“100 Days Mission to Respond to Future Pandemic Threats” is the action plan for diagnosing and responding to future pandemics within 100 days. The mission contains recommendations on how to take action for prevention of the pandemics.
G7 Global Infrastructure Plan:
The plan is named as Build Back Better World (B3W) initiative.
It aims to counter the China’s multi-trillion-dollar Belt and Road initiative. In 2013, China launched this Belt and Road initiative, under which it grants loans to developing nations for developing infrastructure. However, these loans end up dragging the countries into debt trap.
G7 nations will provide a transparent infrastructure partnership to help narrow the $40 trillion needed by developing nations by 2035.
Through the B3W initiative, the G7 and its allies will mobilise private-sector capital towards developing countries to develop infrastructure in areas such as climate, health and health security, digital technology, and gender equity and equality.
The modus operandi and financial allocation of the B3W initiative have not been revealed.
G7 leaders agreed on the need for a consensus for a shared approach to China on trade and human rights.
History of G7:
Established in 1975 as G6.
Purpose - for leading industrialised democracies to discuss the global economy. Later, it has expanded its scope to issues such as peace and security, climate change and now the coronavirus pandemic.
Canada joined G6 in 1976 to make in G7.
Russia entered the G7 in 1998 and was suspended from the group in 2014 for its annexation of Ukraine's Crimea peninsula.
1st summit of G7 was hosted by France.

Note: G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors 2021 meeting was held 4-5 June 2021, where G7 Global Corporate Tax of 15% was approved.

  1. European Space Agency (ESA) has selected EnVision as its next orbiter to Venus on an Ariane 6 rocket.
      • Expected launch time – 2030s
      • Partner in this mission – NASA
      • The main reason for this mission is to understand how Earth and Venus evolved so differently from each other considering that they are roughly of the same size and composition.
      • NASA will provide a radar to image and map the surface of Venus.
      • NASA has already announced two missions to the planet Venus – DAVINCI+ and VERITAS. NASA is expected to allot $500 million to each of these missions that will launch between 2028-2030.
      • ‘Venus Express’ (2005-2014)’ was the predecessor of EnVision that focussed on atmospheric research and pointed to volcanic hotspots on the planet’s surface. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system.

    Interesting Facts:

      • “What history did Venus experience to arrive at this state and does this foretell Earth’s fate should it, too, undergo a catastrophic greenhouse effect? Is Venus still geologically active? Could it have once hosted an ocean and even sustained life? What lessons can be learned about the evolution of terrestrial planets in general, as we discover more Earth-like exoplanets?” these are the key questions that ESA’s mission aims to answer.

Banking & Economy

  1. India’s foreign exchange reserves crossed $600 billion mark for the first time. As on June 4, the foreign exchange reserves stood at $605 billion.
      • This almost tied with Russia, the fourth largest reserve holder in the world.
      • While India’s forex reserve was $605.008 billion, Russia’s was $605.2 billion.
India's foreign exchange reserves

Important Days

  1. World Day Against Child Labour is observed on June 12 by International Labour Organisation.
      • Theme – ‘Act Now: End Child Labour’
Against Child Labour Day

Start Quiz of 12th and 13th June 2021

Q.1) What is the venue of G7 Summit 2021?
Q.2) How many times has PM Narendra Modi been invited to the G7 summits?
Q.3) Which of the following statement is not true about the TRIPS agreement?
Q.4) Which country will establish a centre to develop vaccines for prevention of zoonotic disease, spreading from animals to humans, under the Carbis Bay Declaration?
Q.5) How much debt of developing countries will be reduced by the Build Back Better World (B3W) initiative?
Q.6) Which country hosted the 1st summit of G7?
Q.7) Which institute has produced a 10-episode series on various aspects of Common Yoga Protocol which would be telecast on DD India at 7 pm from today till the 21st of this month?
Q.8) Indian Coast Guard has been conducting “Operation Olivia”, every year since the early 1980s, to protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the ___ coast?
Q.9) Which of the following is the proposed mission of European Space Agency for Venus?
Q.10) What is the theme of World Day Against Child Labour 2021?
CEO of Anujjindal.in


About Anuj Jindal

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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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