13th and 14th November, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – India’s first ‘grass conservatory’ , Pakke Declaration on Climate Change , Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) programme , Akhil Bharatiya Rajbhasha Sammelan , Rice blast disease , an MoU with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation, MoU with Indian Oil , WePOWER India Partnership Forum., urban air mobility vehicles , Accelerating Coal Transition , Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance, End Fossil-fuel Vehicles by 2040, Glasgow Glacier, UAE, Bahrain, Israel, and USA , IQAir, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees , Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority , secretary-general of Rajya Sabha, UN’s International Law Commission, World Children’s Day , World Diabetes Day , Public Service Broadcasting Day , World Toilet Day , “Delhi: A Soliloquy”, , KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize , Brazilian Grand Prix 2021, ICC Men’s T20 World Cup 2021 , ICC Cricket Hall of Fame, ‘Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times’ book , ‘Uddna Baaz’, , “The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India” , autobiography ‘Shuttler’s Flick: Making every match count’

Bulletins

  1. India’s first ‘grass conservatory’ has been inaugurated at Ranikhet in Almora district, Uttarakhand.
  2. For the first time, Arunachal Pradesh has adopted the Pakke Declaration on Climate Change at the Pakke Tiger Reserve in Pakke Kessang district.
  3. On World Pneumonia Day, Karnataka state has launched the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) programme to increase awareness on pneumonia.
  4. Akhil Bharatiya Rajbhasha Sammelan has been organized in Varanasi.
  5. Rice blast disease is affecting the ‘Manuvarna rice’ – a new variety of rice – in Wayanad, Kerala.
  6. Ministry of Tourism has signed an MoU with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation to strengthen hospitality and tourism industry in the country.
  7. NTPC Ltd has signed an MoU with Indian Oil to collaborate in the field of renewable energy.
  8. World Bank and Asian Development Bank, in association with the India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF), organized the WePOWER India Partnership Forum.
  9. South Korea has demonstrated a system for controlling urban air mobility vehicles (UAM).
  10. Accelerating Coal Transition (ACT) Program:
  11. Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance:
  12. End Fossil-fuel Vehicles by 2040:
  13. A glacier in far-away Antarctica has been formally named Glasgow Glacier.
  14. UAE, Bahrain, Israel, and USA have conducted the multilateral maritime security operations exercise in the Red Sea.
  15. IQAir, a Switzerland-based climate group, has released the data on air quality of cities.
  16. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has released the Mid-Year Trends report.
  17. RBI has clarified that banks should reclassify a non-performing asset to “standard” asset only when the entire arrears of interest and principal are paid by the borrower.
  18. Central government has simplified the claim settlement process under the Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority (IEPFA).
  19. P.C. Mody (Former Central Board of Direct Taxes Chairman) was appointed the new secretary-general of Rajya Sabha.
  20. Professor Bimal Patel has been elected to the UN’s International Law Commission (ILC) for a 5-year term from 2023 to 2027.
  21. Children’s Day is celebrated on November 14 in India.
  22. World Children’s Day is observed on November 20 by UN.
  23. World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14 by UN.
  24. Public Service Broadcasting Day is celebrated on November 12 in India to mark first and only visit of Mahatma Gandhi to the studio of All India Radio, Delhi in 1947.
  25. World Toilet Day is observed on November 19.
  26. “Delhi: A Soliloquy”, authored by M Mukundan, has won the JCB Prize for Literature 2021.
  27. Vihaan and Nav Aggarwal, Indian teenage brothers, have won the 2021 KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize for their project on waste collection to tackle pollution.
  28. Lewis Hamilton has won the Brazilian Grand Prix 2021.
  29. Australia has won the ICC Men’s T20 World Cup 2021 in Dubai.
  30. Janette Brittin (England), Mahela Jayawardene (Sri Lanka) and Shaun Pollock (S. Africa) have been inducted into ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.
  31. ‘Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times’ book has been authored by Salman Khurshid.
  32. ‘Uddna Baaz’, the biography of first Arjuna awardee Olympian Gurbachan Singh Randhawa, has been authored by Navneet Singh Gill.
  33. “The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India” book has been authored by Debashish Mukerji.
  34. Babasaheb Purandare (Padma Vibhushan awardee) has passed away.
  35. Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar released a book titled ‘FORCE IN STATECRAFT’, a compilation of essays on topics including counter-insurgency operations.
  36. India’s chief national badminton coach P. Gopi Chand has launched his autobiography ‘Shuttler’s Flick: Making every match count’ at the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad.

Table of Content

National News

  1. India’s first ‘grass conservatory’ has been inaugurated at Ranikhet in Almora district, Uttarakhand.

State News

  1. For the first time, Arunachal Pradesh has adopted the Pakke Declaration on Climate Change at the Pakke Tiger Reserve in Pakke Kessang district.
      • The full name of the declaration is ‘Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 Declaration on Climate Change-Resilient and Responsive Arunachal Pradesh’.
      • The declaration is aimed at lowering emissions and achieving sustainable development.
      • The state govt also launched e-Cabinet portal to make the state’s cabinet work ‘paperless’.
      • ‘Kaiser-e-Hind’ (Teinopalpus imperialis) was adopted as the state butterfly.
Pakke Declaration on Climate Change
  1. On World Pneumonia Day, Karnataka state has launched the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) programme to increase awareness on pneumonia.
      • Karnataka state has maintained that eggs are agricultural produce and transporting them from one place to another would not draw any GST.
  2. Akhil Bharatiya Rajbhasha Sammelan has been organized in

Agriculture & Rural Development

  1. Rice blast disease is affecting the ‘Manuvarna rice’ – a new variety of rice – in Wayanad, Kerala.

Memorandum of Understanding

  1. Ministry of Tourism has signed an MoU with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation to strengthen hospitality and tourism industry in the country.
      • Ministry of Tourism has already signed similar MOUs with Easy My Trip, Cleartrip, Yatra.com, Make My Trip and Goibibo.
  2. NTPC Ltd has signed an MoU with Indian Oil to collaborate in the field of renewable energy.

International News

  1. World Bank and Asian Development Bank, in association with the India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF), organized the WePOWER India Partnership Forum.
      • Purpose – to scale up the South Asia Women in Power Sector Professional Network (WePOWER) in India.
      • The World Bank, in collaboration with the Asian Development Bank, launched the WePOWER in February 2019 to promoting gender equality in the Indian electricity sector.
  2. South Korea has demonstrated a system for controlling urban air mobility vehicles (UAM).
      • These UAMs will serve as taxis between major airports and downtown Seoul as soon as 2025, cutting travel time by two-thirds.
  3. COP 26 of UNFCCC –
      • Accelerating Coal Transition (ACT) Program:
        • India, Indonesia, Philippines, South Africa will be the first recipients of the Accelerating Coal Transition (ACT), a multibillion-dollar pilot programme, for accelerating their transition from coal power to clean energy.
        • This program is administered by the Climate Investment Funds (CIF), which was launched in 2008 by the world’s biggest economies, to help poorer countries accelerate their shift to a low-carbon economy.
        • All the four countries account for 15% of global emissions related to coal.
        • The ACT program will help developing countries, which lack adequate resources to finance the shift away from coal, which is vital for limiting the global temperature rise to 1.5º C by 2030.
      • Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance:
        • 7 countries have formed the ‘BOGA’ alliance. This international coalition is led by Denmark and Costa Rica.
        • Core Members of the Coalition:
COP 26
      • California, New Zealand, and Portugal are the Associate Members whereas Italy has joined as the ‘Friend of BOGA’.
    • End Fossil-fuel Vehicles by 2040:
      • Developed countries will phase out the fossil fuel vehicles by 2035.
      • Developing countries will phase out the fossil fuel vehicles by 2040.
      • Top 2 carmakers – Volkswagen and Toyota, and top 3 car markets – US, China, and Germany, did not sign the agreement. Many major car manufacturers abstained from signing the pact.
      • This ‘landmark agreement’ was signed by 24 countries, including India.
    • Clydebank Declaration:
      • Clydebank is a town in Scotland.
      • 22 countries have signed the declaration, excluding India.
        • Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Japan, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, UK, USA.
      • To create six green shipping corridors by the middle of this decade.
      • It will complement the Zero Emission Shipping Mission – launched in July 2021 by Denmark, Norway, and US – to achieve net-zero emission in the shipping sector by 2050.
      • Ships handle 90% of world trade. At present, ships are fuelled by fossil fuel sources like diesel.
      • International Convention for the Prevention of the Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), already, strives for the decarbonization of the shipping industry.
      • Greening of the shipping corridors (or marine trade routes) can be done by shifting to alternate renewable energy sources like wind, hydro, solar, biofuel, green hydrogen, etc.
    • Inspiring Regional Leadership Award:
      • Maharashtra is the only Indian state to win this Inspiring Regional Leadership Award at the inaugural leadership awards of the Under2 Coalition.
      • The Under2 Coalition is the largest global network of states and regions committed to climate action and is made up of more than 260 governments who represent 1.75 billion people and 50% of the global economy.
    • A glacier in far-away Antarctica has been formally named Glasgow Glacier.
      • Besides Glasgow, the eight newly named glaciers are Geneva, Rio, Berlin, Kyoto, Bali, Stockholm, Paris and Incheon all named after cities hosting important UN climate meetings.
      • These names will be registered in the Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica.
    • UN Environment Program will open its office in India.
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA) and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change have signed an agreement to fight climate change.
      • The two institutions will jointly organise a set of activities with the UN Climate Change secretariat to facilitate the implementation of mitigation action in the energy sector, facilitate the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions and Long-term Low Emission Development Strategies.
    • Ganga Connect:
      • Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched a global exhibition and an outreach platform ‘Ganga Connect’ in Cardiff, Wales.
  1. UAE, Bahrain, Israel, and USA have conducted the multilateral maritime security operations exercise in the Red Sea.
      • This is the first publicly acknowledged naval exercise between the United States, Israel and the two Gulf countries.

Reports & Indices

  1. IQAir, a Switzerland-based climate group, has released the data on air quality of cities.
      • Top most air polluted cities – Delhi at 1st (with an AQI of 556)
IQAir data on air quality
    • Other Indian Cities – Kolkata and Mumbai recorded an AQI of 177 and 169, respectively, at 4th and 6th position.
    • A real-time air quality information platform — IQAir is also a technology partner of the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP).
    • An AQI between zero and 50 is considered ‘good’, 51 and 100 ‘satisfactory’, 101 and 200 ‘moderate’, 201 and 300 ‘poor’, 301 and 400 ‘very poor’, then 401 and between 500 is considered ‘severe’.
  1. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has released the Mid-Year Trends report.
      • Insecurity, conflicts, and the effects of climate change have increased the number of forcibly displaced people by 84 million globally.
      • Flaring conflict and violence around the world during the first half of this year forced nearly 51 million people to flee within their own countries, with most new displacements occurring in Africa.
      • The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) witnessed 1.3 million displacements and Ethiopia, 1.2 million.
      • UNHCR observed that most new refugees came from just five countries: Central African Republic, 71,800; South Sudan, 61,700; Syria, 38,800; Afghanistan, 25,200; and Nigeria, 20,300.

Banking & Economy

  1. RBI has clarified that banks should reclassify a non-performing asset to “standard” asset only when the entire arrears of interest and principal are paid by the borrower.
      • Reason – some lending institutions were upgrading accounts classified as non-performing assets (NPAs) to ‘standard’ asset category upon payment of only interest overdues, partial overdues, etc.
  2. Central government has simplified the claim settlement process under the Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority (IEPFA).
      • The govt now allowed self-attestation of documents instead of the current requirement of notarisation, along with other measures.
      • IEPFA, which comes under the administrative control of the Corporate Affairs Ministry, has been set up for administration of investor funds under the companies law.
      • The authority also works to promote investor education and protection, refund unclaimed shares, dividends and other amounts that have been transferred to it to the rightful claimants.

Appointments

  1. P.C. Mody (Former Central Board of Direct Taxes Chairman) was appointed the new secretary-general of Rajya Sabha.
  2. Professor Bimal Patel has been elected to the UN’s International Law Commission (ILC) for a 5-year term from 2023 to 2027.
      • The United Nation’s International Law Commission was set up in 1947 by the General Assembly.

Important Days

  1. Children’s Day is celebrated on November 14 in India.
      • To celebrate this day, Ministry of Women and Child Development will host a set of activities on the theme of ‘Children Ideas, Rights, and Nutrition’.
  2. World Children’s Day is observed on November 20 by UN.
      • Theme – A Better Future for Every Child
  3. World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14 by UN.
      • Theme – Access to Diabetes Care
        • This theme has been chosen for 2021-23 tenure.
      • Insulin was first discovered in 1921 by Sir Frederick G Banting, Charles H Best and JJR Macleod.
      • Buildings are lit in blue across the world to spread awareness about diabetes.
  4. Diabetes’ Figures:

      • As per 2019 estimates, India is home to 77 million diabetic people, which is the second highest in the world, after China.
      • By 2045, India will continue to be at the 2nd highest number of diabetic people in the world – just over 134 million.
      • India accounts for 15% of global diabetic burden.
      • According to the International Diabetes Federation’s (IDF) Diabetes Atlas of the World in 2021, 537 million adults (20-79 years) are living with diabetes – 1 in 10. This number is predicted to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 784 million by 2045.
Diabetes’ Figures:
Diabetes’ Figures:
  1. Public Service Broadcasting Day is celebrated on November 12 in India to mark first and only visit of Mahatma Gandhi to the studio of All India Radio, Delhi in 1947.
  2. World Toilet Day is observed on November 19.
      • Ministry of Housing and Urban Development has launched the week long awareness campaign on SafaiMitra Suraksha Challenge (SSC) from November 14th to 20th, on the occasion of World Toilet Day.
      • The Ministry will also organize the ‘Swachh Amrit Diwas’, an award ceremony to recognize the role and efforts of the states, cities, ULBs and Cantonment Board in Swachh Survekshan 2021, and Garbage Free Star Rating certification on 20th November, 2021.
      • The SSC was launched on the World Toilet Day in 2020.
      • A range of awards and monetary incentives across population categories has been decided for the Challenge, as given below:
Sub-Categories (population) 1st prize 2nd prize 3rd prize
10 lakh Rs 12 Crores Rs 6 Crores Rs 3 Crores
3  - 10 lakh Rs 10 Crores Rs 5 Crores Rs 2.5 Crores
Up to 3 lakh Rs 8 Crores Rs 4 Crores Rs 4 Crores
Total Rs 52.5 crores
    • The Call Centre and Helpline number ‘14420’ has been operationalized in 345 cities for safe cleaning of septic tanks/sewers.

Awards

  1. “Delhi: A Soliloquy”, authored by M Mukundan, has won the JCB Prize for Literature 2021.
      • The book has been translated from Malayalam by Fathima E.V. and Nandakumar K.
      • JCB Literature Foundation gives this prizes for a distinguished work of fiction by an Indian author.
  2. Vihaan and Nav Aggarwal, Indian teenage brothers, have won the 2021 KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize for their project on waste collection to tackle pollution.
      • The prize is given by Dutch-based KidsRights Foundation.

Sports

  1. Lewis Hamilton has won the Brazilian Grand Prix 2021.
  2. Australia has won the ICC Men’s T20 World Cup 2021 in Dubai.
      • Australian Men’s Cricket Team captain – Aaron Finch
      • Player of the Match – Mitchell Marsh from Australia
      • ICC T20 Men’s rankings – England (No.1); India (No.2); and Australia (No.6)
  3. Janette Brittin (England), Mahela Jayawardene (Sri Lanka) and Shaun Pollock (S. Africa) have been inducted into ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.

Miscellaneous

  1. ‘Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times’ book has been authored by Salman Khurshid.
  2. ‘Uddna Baaz’, the biography of first Arjuna awardee Olympian Gurbachan Singh Randhawa, has been authored by Navneet Singh Gill.
      • The book was released by the Sports Minister of Punjab, Pargat Singh.
  3. “The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India” book has been authored by Debashish Mukerji.
      • The book is based on VP Singh (8th PM of India).
  4. Babasaheb Purandare (Padma Vibhushan awardee) has passed away.
      • His full name is Balwant Moreshwar Purandare. He was an author born in Pune.
  5. Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar released a book titled ‘FORCE IN STATECRAFT’, a compilation of essays on topics including counter-insurgency operations.
  6. India’s chief national badminton coach Gopi Chand has launched his autobiography ‘Shuttler’s Flick: Making every match count’ at the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad.
      • The book is co-authored by Priya Kumar.

Start Quiz of 13th and 14th November 2021

Q.1) Where is India's first ‘grass conservatory’ located?
Q.2) 'Kaiser-e-Hind' is the state butterfly of which butterfly?
Q.3) Which state has witnessed the Rice blast disease recently?
Q.4) Which of the following state-owned energy producer has signed an MoU with Indian Oil to collaborate in the field of renewable energy?
Q.5) With which multilateral organization has India Smart Grid Forum partnered to create WePOWER India Partnership Forum?
Q.6) Who has been appointed as the new secretary-general of Rajya Sabha?
Q.7) What is theme of World Children’s Day 2021?
Q.8) Who is the captain of Australian Men’s cricket team in the 2021 ICC T20 World Cup?
Q.9) Who is the author of ‘Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times’ book?
Q.10) ‘Uddna Baaz’ is the biography of which of the following personality?
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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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