19th July, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Foreign Ministers , Convergence Energy Services Ltd , monk fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii) , MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters , UN Economic and Social Council , quadrilateral diplomatic group to promote the Afghan peace process, Africa Open DEAL initiative, Just Dial , A Kashmiri Century: Portrait of a Society in Flux” book , “The Great Big Lion” book.

Bulletins

  1. Minister of External Affairs, S Jaishankar, visited Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan, to attend the meetings of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Foreign Ministers and the SCO Contact Group on Afghanistan that were held on July 14.

  2. Convergence Energy Services Ltd (CESL) and the World Resources Institute India have signed an agreement to collaborate on strategizing a roadmap for achieving net-zero emissions in India.

  3. Assam has presented a state deficit budget of Rs 566.20 crores for 2021-22.

  4. For the first time, the cultivation of monk fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii) – a native crop of China – has been done by Palampur-based CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh.

  5. Indian Navy has received two MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters from the US Navy and the 10th P-8 Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft.

  6. UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) has hosted a High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development Goals to review the progress made towards achieving the SDGs by 2030.

  7. United States, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan will create a new quadrilateral diplomatic group to promote the Afghan peace process, stability and trade in the region.

  8. Africa has become the first continent in the world to complete the collection of accurate, comprehensive and harmonised digital land use and land use change data under the Africa Open DEAL initiative.

  9. According to the data released by UNICEF and WHO, 23 million children did not receive their basic vaccination due to the Covid-19, worldwide.

  10. Reliance Retail has acquired a 40.95% stake in Just Dial for over Rs 3,000 crores.

  11. “A Kashmiri Century: Portrait of a Society in Flux” book has been written by Khemlata Wakhlu.

  12. “The Great Big Lion” book has been written by Chryseis Knight (a 7 year old girl from Canada).

  13. Pulitzer Prize winner photo-journalist of India, Danish Siddiqui was killed in Afghanistan.

Table of Content

National News

  1. Minister of External Affairs, S Jaishankar, visited Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan, to attend the meetings of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Foreign Ministers and the SCO Contact Group on Afghanistan that were held on July 14.
      • After attending the meetings in Tajikistan, Jaishankar left for Uzbekistan to attend the Tashkent Connectivity Conference.
      • SCO Council of Heads of States 2021 meeting will be on September 16-17 in Dushanbe.
      • International Conference on “Central and South Asia: Regional Connectivity. Challenges and Opportunities” was held in Tashkent from July 15-16, 2021.
      • Here, the delegation from C5+1 – the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, and the United States of America – participated.
  2. Convergence Energy Services Ltd (CESL) and the World Resources Institute India have signed an agreement to collaborate on strategizing a roadmap for achieving net-zero emissions in India.
      • Under the partnership, WRI India will support CESL in building adaptative business models to help state governments realise their targets.
      • CESL is a subsidiary of the state-owned Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL). WRI India is a research organisation.

State News

  1. Assam has presented a state deficit budget of Rs 566.20 crores for 2021-22.
      • The aggregate income has been calculated to be Rs 2,89,770.68 crore for 2021-22, while the total expenditure for the fiscal is estimated at Rs 2,89,367.10 crore.
      • Thus, estimated transactions during the year will result in an estimated surplus of Rs 403.58 crore.
      • This, together with the opening deficit of Rs 969.78 crore, will lead to a budget deficit of Rs 566.20 crore at the end of the year 2021-22.
      • This year, no new tax has been proposed.
      • This is the first budget of the Himanta Biswa Sarma- led government. The budget was presented by Ajanta Neog, the first-ever woman finance minister of Assam.
      • Announcements:
        • 1 lakh educated youth will get employment in the government sector.
        • Rs 1 lakh will be provided to the next of kin of COVID victims.
        • 1000 sub centres would be converted into hospitals.
        • Smartphones would be given to 8 lakh students of class IX and X in the government schools.
        • 1000 model Anganwadi Centres with Child Care facility will be set up.
        • An Agriculture Commission will be constituted under a scientist of international repute to focus on issues related to agriculture, animal husbandry, dairy sector in Assam.
        • Tamulpur has been proposed by the Assam Government to become a new district in the state of Assam. At present, 33 districts (excluding Tamulpur) are there in Assam.
        • Under the Orunodoi scheme, there will be an increase in monthly amount to ₹1000 per family from the current financial benefit of ₹ 830 per family.
          • Under this scheme, a monthly allowance through Direct Benefit Transfer is made to the women-headed households and specially-abled persons who are poor and unemployed.
      • Earlier this month, Assam Cabinet had announced the creation of a new Department of Indigenous Faith and Culture to protect and preserve the “faith, culture and traditions of tribes and indigenous communities” of the state.

Note: Amounts of tax revenue and expenditure are not important.

Agriculture and Rural Development

  1. For the first time, the cultivation of monk fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii) – a native crop of China – has been done by Palampur-based CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh.
      • The monk fruit is known for its properties as non-caloric natural sweetener.
      • Its sweet taste is attributed to cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides known as mogrosides, which is about 300 times sweeter than sucrose or cane sugar.
      • This crop is only cultivated in China. However, India also has a suitable environment for cultivating this crop, particularly in Himachal Pradesh.
      • The plant prefers mountainous area with an annual mean temperature of about 16–20°C and humid conditions.

Defence News

  1. Indian Navy has received two MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters from the US Navy and the 10th P-8 Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft.
      • The Indian Navy is procuring a total of 24 MH-60R multi-role helicopters, manufactured by Lockheed Martin, from the US at an estimated cost of USD 2.4 billion.
MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters

International News

  1. UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) has hosted a High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development Goals to review the progress made towards achieving the SDGs by 2030.
      • Theme of the Forum – “Sustainable And Resilient Recovery From The Covid-19 Pandemic That Promotes the Economic, Social and Environmental Dimensions of Sustainable Development”.
      • ECOSOC highlighted that Covid-19 has pushed 119-124 million people into extreme poverty.
  2. United States, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan will create a new quadrilateral diplomatic group to promote the Afghan peace process, stability and trade in the region.
      • The group will bolster regional trade, build new transit routes and strengthen business ties.
  3. Africa has become the first continent in the world to complete the collection of accurate, comprehensive and harmonised digital land use and land use change data under the Africa Open DEAL initiative.
      • DEAL stands for Data for the Environment, Agriculture and Land Initiative.
      • Basically, data about the land has been gathered from the entire continent of Africa. This data disclosed more forests and arable lands, during the assessment period of 2018-20, than earlier.
      • The data collection and analysis initiative is led by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the African Union Commission (AUC).
      • Collect Earth, a free and open source software developed by FAO, was used to collect data through Google Earth. It is a part of the set of tools called Open Foris and was developed in 2017 in collaboration with Google Earth, Bing Maps and Google Earth Engine.
      • The data show that 350 million hectares of cropland are cultivated in Africa, which is an increase of 25% over the crop land in the continent.
  4. According to the data released by UNICEF and WHO, 23 million children did not receive their basic vaccination due to the Covid-19, worldwide.
      • This is the highest number since 2009. In 2019, 19.3 million children missed their basic vaccination.
      • Most of these – up to 17 million children – likely did not receive a single vaccine during the year.
      • Majority of these children live in communities affected by conflict, in under-served remote places, or in informal or slum settings.
      • As compared with 2019, 3.5 million more children missed their first dose of diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine (DTP-1) while 3 million more children missed their first measles dose.
      • India is experiencing a particularly large drop, with DTP-3 coverage falling from 91% to 85%.
      • Slowing down of vaccination process for children is posing threats of measles and other preventable disease outbreaks.
      • Vaccinations against human papillomavirus (HPV) – which protect girls against cervical cancer later in life – was administered to 13% girls worldwide, down from 15% in 2019.
      • Even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, global childhood vaccination rates against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles and polio had stalled for several years at around 86% (as against the WHO-recommended 95%).
2019 2020
India 1,403,000 3,038,000
Pakistan 567,000 968,000
Indonesia 472,000 797,000
Philippines 450,000 557,000
Mexico 348,000 454,000
Mozambique 97,000 186,000
Pakistan 567,000 968,000
Angola 399,000 482,000
United Republic of Tanzania 183,000 249,000

Banking & Economy

  1. Reliance Retail has acquired a 40.95% stake in Just Dial for over Rs 3,000 crores.
      • Recently, Reliance Retail has also acquired Netmeds and Urban ladder (furniture retailer).

Miscellaneous

  1. “A Kashmiri Century: Portrait of a Society in Flux” book has been written by Khemlata Wakhlu.

  2. “The Great Big Lion” book has been written by Chryseis Knight (a 7 year old girl from Canada).

  3. Pulitzer Prize winner photo-journalist of India, Danish Siddiqui was killed in Afghanistan.
Pulitzer Prize winner

Start Quiz of 19th July 2021

Q.1) Where did Minister of External Affairs, S Jaishankar, go to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Foreign Ministers Meeting and the meeting of SCO Contact Group on Afghanistan?
Q.2) Which state has presented a deficit budget for 2021-22?
Q.3) Monk fruit is the native of which country?
Q.4) From which country is India procuring two MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters?
Q.5) Which country is not a part of the new quadrilateral diplomatic group, that is being formed to promote the Afghan peace process, stability, and trade in the region?
Q.6) Africa Open DEAL initiative is related to which of the following issues?
Q.7) What is the DTP-3 vaccination coverage rate in India in 2020, according to UNICEF-WHO data?
Q.8) Who is the author of “A Kashmiri Century: Portrait of a Society in Flux” book?
Q.9) When is Nelson Mandela International Day observed?
Q.10) Recently, Pegasus spyware has bugged phones of Indian ministers, journalists, security advisors etc. Which company has developed the spyware?
CEO of Anujjindal.in


About Anuj Jindal

━━━━

Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

0 Comments
Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *