23rd July, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – World University Summit 2021, virology research and diagnostic laboratories, Private Members’ Bills, Essential Defence Services Bill, 2021 , UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project, World’s first 3D-printed steel pedestrian bridge , world’s largest carbon emission trading program, world’s first batch of Space rice from seeds , International Solar Alliance , first-ever resolution on vision, Sustainable Recovery Tracker , Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation, International Space Station , Project CAVACH , Pi Approximation Day , National Broadcasting Day , World Drowning Prevention Day , Mohun Bagan Ratna Award , web-based responsive platform , Cadet World Championship 2021 , Bank with a Soul: Equitas” , “Over It: How to Face Life’s Hurdles with Grit, Hustle, and Grace” book , “Why We Kneel How We Rise” book , “The India Story” book.

Bulletins

  1. OP Jindal University has organized the World University Summit 2021.
  2. Union government will set up over 42 virology research and diagnostic laboratories under a central scheme during the period of 15th Finance Commission (2021-22 to 2025-26) at a cost of Rs 324 crores.
  3. Three BJP Lok Sabha members and one from the JD(U) will move Private Members’ Bills on population control.
  4. Essential Defence Services Bill, 2021 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha.
  5. Madhya Pradesh has launched UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project for Gwalior and Orchha cities of the state.
  6. World’s first 3D-printed steel pedestrian bridge (12 metre long) has been inaugurated on the Oudezijds Achterburgwal canal in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  7. China has launched world’s largest carbon emission trading program.
  8. China has harvested the world’s first batch of Space rice from seeds that went to a 23-day lunar voyage with China’s Chang’e-5 in November.
  9. Sweden has ratified the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
  10. UN General Assembly has approved its first-ever resolution on vision, calling on its 193 member nations to ensure access to eye care for everyone in their countries.
  11. According to the Sustainable Recovery Tracker of International Energy Agency, carbon dioxide emissions will hit record levels in 2023 as the govt efforts towards clean energy are minimal.
  12. UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific’s (UNESCAP) has released the 4th edition of Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation.
  13. Russia is attaching a module called “Nauka” (meaning “science” in Russian) to International Space Station (ISS) for research purposes.
  14. NSE Foundation has launched Project CAVACH (COVID-19 and Vaccination Assistance Campaign for Health), in partnership with NITI Aayog and UNICEF.
  15. Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22 (22/7).
  16. National Broadcasting Day is observed on July 23 every year in India.
  17. World Drowning Prevention Day is observed on July 25 by UN. It is the first time this day is observed in the world.
  18. Former India goalkeeper Shibaji Banerjee will be conferred with Mohun Bagan Ratna Award posthumously.
  19. Hockey India has launched a unique web-based responsive platform named as the ‘Heroes Connect’ to curate a detailed database of Indian Men’s and Women’s Hockey Team members.
  20. Cadet World Championship 2021 in Wrestling took place in Budapest, Hungary.
  21. “Bank with a Soul: Equitas” book has been written by C. K. Gariyali.
  22. “Over It: How to Face Life’s Hurdles with Grit, Hustle, and Grace” book has been written by Lolo Jones (American hurdler and bobsledder).
  23. “Why We Kneel How We Rise” book has been written by Michael Holding (West Indies cricketer).
  24. “The India Story” book has been written by Bimal Jalan.

Table of Content

National News

  1. OP Jindal University has organized the World University Summit 2021.
      • It was addressed by the Vice-President of India, M Venkaiah Naidu.
      • Theme of the Summit – Universities of the Future: Building Institutional Resilience, Social Responsibility and Community Impact
      • Over 25 countries participated in this summit.
  2. Union government will set up over 42 virology research and diagnostic laboratories under a central scheme during the period of 15th Finance Commission (2021-22 to 2025-26) at a cost of Rs 324 crores.
      • The scheme is under the Department of Health Research, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
      • The labs aim to help boost coverage of timely diagnosis and identification of viruses during an epidemic outbreak, generation of data about viral diseases for facilitating quick deployment of resources and measures to save human lives.
      • The scheme was approved by the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) in 2013 at an estimated cost of Rs 646.83 crores for the 12th Plan period.
      • In March 2021, this scheme was further approved to be continued by the govt.
      • During the 14th Finance Commission, the target was to set up 125 viral research & diagnostic laboratories (10 regional laboratories; 25 state level laboratories and 90 medical college level laboratories).
      • As on 31st March 2021, a network of 124 VRDLs has been established.
  3. Three BJP Lok Sabha members and one from the JD(U) will move Private Members’ Bills on population control.
      • A private member’s bill in a parliamentary system of government is a bill (proposed law) introduced into a legislature by a legislator (Member of Parliament) who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch.
      • One of the bills proposed to set up a “National Population Planning Authority at the national level” and a “District Population Planning Committee” in each district to encourage and promote family planning.
      • The chances of a Private Member’s Bill becoming law are dim as they seldom receive the government’s support inside the House.
      • According to PRS Legislative, no private members’ bills have been passed by Parliament since 1970. A total of only 14 such Bills have received Parliament’s nod to date.
  4. Essential Defence Services Bill, 2021 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha.
      • The bill is aimed at preventing the staff of the government-owned ordnance factories from going on a strike.
      • Around 70,000 people work with the 41 ordnance factories around the country.
      • The bill is meant to “provide for the maintenance of essential defence services so as to secure the security of nation and the life and property of public at large and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto”.
      • The Bill empowers the government to declare services mentioned in it as essential defence services.

State News

  1. Madhya Pradesh has launched UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project for Gwalior and Orchha cities of the state.
      • The development and management plan of these cities will be prepared by UNESCO.
      • All aspects including history, culture, food, lifestyle, economic development, community development will be included in it.
      • These places will now be jointly developed by UNESCO, Government of India and Madhya Pradesh by focusing on their historical and cultural improvement.
  2. Additional Facts:

      • Gwalior and Orchha in Madhya Pradesh were included in the list of UNESCOs world heritage cities under its urban landscape city programme in December 2020.
      • Orchha is popular for its temples and palaces and was the capital of the Bundela kingdom in the 16th century. Raj Mahal, Jehangir Mahal, Ramraja Temple, Rai Praveen Mahal, and Laxminarayan Mandir are some of the famous spots of Orchha.
      • Gwalior was established in the 9th century and ruled by Gurjar Pratihar Rajvansh, Tomar, Baghel Kachvaho and Scindias.
      • UNESCO adopted the ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ Approach in 2011 to maintain the heritage resources in a rapidly changing urban landscape.

International News

  1. World’s first 3D-printed steel pedestrian bridge (12 metre long) has been inaugurated on the Oudezijds Achterburgwal canal in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
      • The opening ceremony was attended by the Queen of Netherlands, Maxima.
      • A Dutch company named MX3D has developed this bridge.
      • The bridge is equipped with sensors which will catch real time data about the feasibility of the bridge.
  2. China has launched world’s largest carbon emission trading program.
      • China is the world’s largest carbon emitter and it aims to become carbon neutral by 2060.
      • This program of China will create world’s largest carbon market and double the share of global emissions covered under such programs.
      • Under the trading program, emitters such as power plants and factories are given a fixed amount of carbon they are allowed to release a year.
      • They can in turn buy or sell those allowances. That pushes emitters to think of controlling and reducing emissions in terms of a market.
      • At present, 2,225 power producing companies are included in this program, which are responsible for 1/7th of global carbon emissions from fossil-fuel combustion.
      • This market will cover petrochemicals, chemicals, building materials, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, paper, and domestic aviation in the next three to five years. At present, only power generation sector can trade in carbon emission.
  3. What is Carbon Trading?

      • Under the carbon trading mechanism, companies are allowed to emit only a certain amount of carbon / GHG which has already been set by the govt.
      • The companies get a quota / limit of emission which is also known as the carbon credit.
      • Companies can use their credits for carbon emissions. For example, companies which emit less than the allocation can sell their credits to the companies which emit a higher amount, for cash. This helps in promoting low carbon emissions.
  4. China has harvested the world’s first batch of Space rice from seeds that went to a 23-day lunar voyage with China’s Chang’e-5 in November.
      • After being exposed to cosmic radiation and zero gravity, these seeds weighing around 40 gram returned and were harvested at the space breeding research centre of the South China Agricultural University in Guangdong province.
      • Right now, the best seeds will be bred in laboratories and then will be planted in fields.
      • Rice seeds exposed to the environment in Space may mutate and produce higher yields once planted on Earth. China has been taking crop seeds to Space since 1987.
      • Chang’e-5 made China, the second country to plant it national flag on the moon’s surface, after US. The spacecraft made China- the third country in the world to bring samples from moon’s surface for research.
  5. Sweden has ratified the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
      • Total 79 countries (including Sweden) have signed and ratified the framework of ISA.
      • Total 98 countries (including Sweden) have signed and ratified the framework of ISA.
  6. UN General Assembly has approved its first-ever resolution on vision, calling on its 193 member nations to ensure access to eye care for everyone in their countries.
      • The resolution would help at least 1.1 billion people with vision impairment who currently lack eye services by 2030.
      • The “Vision for Everyone” resolution, sponsored by Bangladesh, Antigua, and Ireland, and co-sponsored by over 100 countries, was adopted by consensus by the world body.
      • It encourages countries to institute a “whole of government approach to eye care.”
      • The resolution urges international financial institutions and donors to provide targeted financing, especially for developing countries, to address the increasing impact of vision loss on economic and social development.
      • According to UN, at least 2 billion people are living with vision impairment or blindness and 1.1 billion people have a vision impairment that could have been prevented or is yet to be addressed.
      • Over 90% of the 1.1 billion people worldwide with vision loss live in low- and middle-income countries, adding that 55% of blind people are women and girls.
      • On average, the loss of sight costs the global economy “a staggering amount of $411 billion in productivity each year”.
  7. According to the Sustainable Recovery Tracker of International Energy Agency, carbon dioxide emissions will hit record levels in 2023 as the govt efforts towards clean energy are minimal.
      • World’s governments had set aside roughly $380 billion for “energy-related sustainable recovery measures.” This represents approximately 2% of recovery spending.
      • On the other hand, electricity generation based on fossil fuels was set to cover 45% of additional demand in 2021 and 40% in 2022.
      • The Sustainable Recovery Tracker has been launched by IEA, in collaboration with IMF. It assesses the performance achieved by govt against their set targets in the field of clean energy.
  8. UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific’s (UNESCAP) has released the 4th edition of Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation.
      • It surveys 143 countries in total on the basis of their ecosystem on trade facilitation.
      • The survey assesses countries on the basis of five parameters of transparency, formalities, institutional arrangement and cooperation, paperless trade and cross-border paperless trade.
      • The survey is conducted every two years by UNESCAP and includes an assessment of 58 trade facilitation measures covered by the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement.
      • A higher score for a country helps businesses in their investment decisions.
      • These 58 measures include publications of existing import-export rules on internet, risk management, advance ruling on tariff classification, pre-arrival processing, independent appeal mechanism expedited shipments, automated customs system, among others.
  9. India’s Performance in the Survey:

      • India has got a score of 90.32% in this survey, improving from 78.49% in 2019. India has improved on all the five parameters.
      • Under the transparency indicator, India scored 100% in 2021, up from 93.33% in 2019.
      • The score for ‘paperless trade’ improved to 96.3% from 81.48%, while that for institutional arrangement and cooperation indicator rose to 88.89% from 66.67%.
      • The ‘Turant’ Customs facility has been path breaking reform for Faceless, Paperless and Contactless Customs.
      • This has had a direct impact in terms of the improvement in the UNESCAP rankings on digital and sustainable trade facilitation.
  10. Russia is attaching a module called “Nauka” (meaning “science” in Russian) to International Space Station (ISS) for research purposes.
      • Nauka has been developed by NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe) and CSA (Canada).
      • It is replacing Pirs, a Russian module on the ISS which was used as a docking port for spacecraft and as a door for cosmonauts to go out on spacewalks.
      • Nauka was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan by using a Proton rocket.
      • Nauka is the biggest space laboratory Russia has launched to date, and will primarily serve as a research facility.

Banking & Economy

  1. NSE Foundation has launched Project CAVACH (COVID-19 and Vaccination Assistance Campaign for Health), in partnership with NITI Aayog and UNICEF.
      • Purpose – to spread awareness on COVID-19 vaccination in India.
      • The project aims to unite more than 30 community-based organisations on a single platform to address issues of vaccine hesitancy and resistance across five aspirational districts to improve COVID-19 immunisation numbers.
      • The five aspirational districts covered in this project are Nandurbar and Osmanabad in Maharashtra, Karauli in Rajasthan, Ramanathapuram in Tamil Nadu and Kiphire in Nagaland.
      • The project was launched by Vinod K Paul, Member of NITI Aayog, Chair of the Empowered Group on Medical Infrastructure and Covid Management Plan, National Task Force on Covid-19 (ICMR), and the National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for COVID-19.
      • NSE Foundation is the subsidiary of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) that has been created to fulfil the CSR obligations of the exchange.

Important Days

  1. Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22 (22/7).
  2. National Broadcasting Day is observed on July 23 every year in India.
      • On this day in the year 1927, the broadcast of radio started from Bombay station for the first time in the country under a private company called Indian Broadcasting Company of India (IBC).
      • In 1936, Indian Broadcasting Company of India (IBC) was renamed as All India Radio.
  3. World Drowning Prevention Day is observed on July 25 by UN. It is the first time this day is observed in the world.
Drowning Prevention Day
    • World Health Organisation (WHO) has released the two reports — regional status report on drowning in the Western Pacific and regional status report on drowning in South East Asia.
    • It is the first report on drowning released by WHO.
Highlights of the Report:
(i) Climate change places the already vulnerable communities and individuals at increased risk of drowning. Asia Pacific region is particularly vulnerable to climate change.
(ii) In 2019, more than 70,000 deaths were attributed to drowning in WHO South-East Asia region.
(iii) Of the 70,000 deaths, more than 33% were among children aged under 15 years. On an average, men were three to four times more likely to drown than women.
(iv) Asia Pacific region accounts for 61% of global drowning deaths.
(v) Drowning 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in South-East Asia region.
(vi) Despite many lives being lost each year, drowning remains a largely unrecognised threat to health and well-being.

Awards

  1. Former India goalkeeper Shibaji Banerjee will be conferred with Mohun Bagan Ratna Award posthumously.
      • The executive committee members also unanimously adjudged Fijian striker Roy Krishna as the Best Footballer of 2020-21, having guided ATK Mohun Bagan to the runner-up finish in the Indian Super League.

Sports

  1. Everything about the Tokyo Olympics 2020 (23rd July – 8th August, 2021):
      • Edition – 32nd
      • Host – Japan is hosting Summer Olympics for a 2nd time. It is the 4th time that Olympics Games are being held in Japan. Tokyo is the first city in Asia which is hosting Summer Olympics twice.
      • New Games – Karate, Skateboarding, Sport Climbing, Surfing, 4X400m mixed relay
      • Games re-appearing – Baseball and Softball (last played in 2008 Beijing Olympics)
      • Total medals – 339
      • Mascot – Miraitowa
Tokyo Olympics 2020
    • 2020 Summer Paralympic Games – It takes place shortly after the Summer Olympics. Dates – 24th August to 5th September, 2021.
    • Mascot of Paralympics – Someity
Mascot of Paralympics
    • Olympics motto – It is changed to “Faster, Higher, Stronger – Together”. In Latin, the motto is changed to “Citius, Altius, Fortius – Communis”.
      • Here, “Together” and “Communis” have been added to the earlier motto.

India at Olympics and Paralympics:

A) Olympics

    • Contingent – 228 members, including 119 athletes (67 males and 52 females). It is the largest contingent that India has ever sent to Olympics.
    • Flag-bearers at opening ceremony – Mary Kom and Manpreet Singh
    • Flag-bearers at closing ceremony – Bajrang Punia
    • Jury in Gymnastics – Deepak Kabra is India’s 1st to officiate and judge the Men’s Gymnastics competition at Olympics.
    • Song – Hindustani Way is sung by Ananya Birla and composed by AR Rahman.
    • First medal winner – weightlifter Mirabai Chanu won silver in 49kg.

B) Paralympics:

    • Contingent – 24 members (20 men and 4 women)
    • Flag-bearer – Mariyappan Thangavelu (Indian Paralympic high jumper)
    • Representative of India – Suhas Lalinakere Yathiraj (District Magistrate of Gautam Buddha Nagar) will represent India at para-badminton.
  1. Hockey India has launched a unique web-based responsive platform named as the ‘Heroes Connect’ to curate a detailed database of Indian Men’s and Women’s Hockey Team members.
      • The players will enable constructive discussions around hockey.
  2. Cadet World Championship 2021 in Wrestling took place in Budapest, Hungary.
      • India won a total of 13 medals (5 gold, 1 silver, and 7 bronze).
      • Indian Men’s Team won gold in Freestyle championship.
      • Indian Women’s Team won silver in Women’s wrestling.
      • Three events – Freestyle, Greco-Roman, and Women wrestling – took place in the championship.

Miscellaneous

  1. “Bank with a Soul: Equitas” book has been written by C. K. Gariyali.
  2. “Over It: How to Face Life’s Hurdles with Grit, Hustle, and Grace” book has been written by Lolo Jones (American hurdler and bobsledder).
  3. “Why We Kneel How We Rise” book has been written by Michael Holding (West Indies cricketer).
  4. “The India Story” book has been written by Bimal Jalan.
Book of Indian Story

Start Quiz of 23rd July 2021

Q.1) Which university organized the World University Summit 2021?
Q.2) Madhya Pradesh has launched UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project to protect the heritage resources of its two cities. Name the cities.
Q.3) Where is World’s first 3D-printed steel pedestrian bridge located?
Q.4) Which country has launched world’s largest carbon emission trading program?
Q.5) Which country has harvested world’s first batch of space rice, which is also known as “Rice from Heaven” in the country?
Q.6) Which of the following project has been launched by NSE Foundation, in partnership with NITI Aayog and UNICEF, to spread awareness on COVID-19 vaccination in India?
Q.7) Which of the following country has recently joined the International Solar Alliance?
Q.8) How many people are being targeted through UN’s first-ever resolution on vision by 2030?
Q.9) Who is the author of “Bank with a Soul: Equitas” book?
Q.10) As per the Sustainable Recovery Tracker, carbon dioxide emissions will hit record levels in 2023 as the govt efforts towards clean energy are minimal. The Sustainable Recovery Tracker has been recently launched by which of the following organizations?
CEO of Anujjindal.in


About Anuj Jindal

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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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