25th and 26th September, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – U.S. International Development Finance Corporation , ‘National Cooperative Conference’ , Bangabandhu-Bapu digital exhibition , “Mukhyamantri Bagwani Bima Yojana” to , Odisha’ first silk yarn production centre , an airspace map of India for drone operations , highest Radio Stations in the world , 56 Airbus C-295 aircraft, Natural History Museum (NHM), London, 76th session of UN General Assembly , all transactions of crypto-currencies are illegal, , SCO Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure , Global Innovation Index 2021 , Freedom on the Net 2021” index , 4000 Social Housing Units in Maldives, BPCL SBI Card co-branded RuPay Contactless Credit Card’, Buy Now Pay Later’ credit facility , Audit Bureau of Circulations, International Atomic Energy Agency , World Pharmacist Day , International Week of the Deaf , NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station , Blue Planet Prize , ‘Overall Most Outstanding Company in India’, National Service Scheme Awards , FIH Men’s Hockey Junior World Cup 2021, 9th EY Norway Chess Tournament , The Three Khans: And the Emergence of New India

Bulletins

  1. U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have launched a $55 million (approximately Rs 400 crores) credit guarantee program to address the economic impact of COVID-19 in India.
  2. Union Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation, Shri Amit Shah attended the ‘National Cooperative Conference’ held in New Delhi as the Chief Guest.
  3. Bangabandhu-Bapu digital exhibition was opened for public viewing in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  4. Haryana govt has launched “Mukhyamantri Bagwani Bima Yojana” to compensate farmers growing horticulture crops against the worst weather and natural calamities.
  5. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has established the Odisha’ first silk yarn production centre at Choudwar in the Cuttack district.
  6. Ministry of Civil Aviation has launched an airspace map of India for drone operations — allowing civilian drone operators to check the demarcated no-fly zones or where they need to undergo certain formalities before flying one.
  7. Union Information & Broadcasting Minister Anurag Thakur inaugurated high power transmitters at one of the highest Radio Stations in the world at Humbatingla in Kargil Ladakh.
  8. Ladakh hosted the first-ever Himalayan Film Festival, as a part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations.
  9. Ministry of Defence has signed a $2.5 billion contract with Airbus (European company) for the acquisition of 56 Airbus C-295 aircraft.
  10. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata and the Natural History Museum (NHM), London have signed an MoU to continue their collaboration.
  11. Accra (Ghana) has been chosen as the UNESCO World Book Capital for 2023.
  12. 76th session of UN General Assembly has been held.
  13. China has announced that all transactions of crypto-currencies are illegal, thus, all digital tokens like Bitcoin are banned in China.
  14. Troops from China and Pakistan has launched a joint anti-terror exercise as part of SCO Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS).
  15. Global Innovation Index 2021 has been released by World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), in partnership with Portulans Institute and other corporate partners.
  16. “Freedom on the Net 2021” index has been released by Freedom House (U.S.-based not-for-profit entity).
  17. EXIM Bank has signed agreement with Fahi Dhiriulhun Corporation Limited (FDC) of Maldives to extend Buyers Credit of around $228 million for the construction of 4000 Social Housing Units in Maldives.
  18. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and SBI Card have partnered to launch the ‘BPCL SBI Card co-branded RuPay Contactless Credit Card’.
  19. Flipkart Wholesale, the digital B2B marketplace of Flipkart Group, has partnered with Davinta, a SME lending platform, to offer ‘Buy Now Pay Later’ credit facility to its retailers.
  20. Debabrata Mukherjee has been elected as the chairman of Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) for the year 2021-2022.
  21. GC Murmu has been appointed as the external auditor to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for a period of six years from 2022 to 2027.
  22. World Pharmacist Day is observed on September 25.
  23. International Week of the Deaf is observed from September 20 to 26.
  24. NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station located in Sikkim has won the prestigious Blue Planet Prize by International Hydropower Association (IHA).
  25. According to a poll conducted by Asiamoney, HDFC Bank has been voted as ‘Overall Most Outstanding Company in India’.
  26. The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind presented the National Service Scheme Awards for the year 2019-20 in a virtual ceremony.
  27. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) official Geeta Samota has successfully scaled Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa.
  28. The FIH Men’s Hockey Junior World Cup 2021 (U-21) will be held at the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
  29. GM Magnus Carlsen has won the 9th EY Norway Chess Tournament for a third year in a row.
  30. Odia litterateur Manorama Mohapatra has passed away.
  31. “The Three Khans: And the Emergence of New India” book has been authored by Kaveree Bamzai.
  32. Eminent women’s rights activist, poet and author Kamla Bhasin passed away.

Table of Content

National News

  1. U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have launched a $55 million (approximately Rs 400 crores) credit guarantee program to address the economic impact of COVID-19 in India.
      • The program is named as “India Covid Response Program for Agriculture Transition”. It will be an 8-year program.
      • Purpose – to increase the income of farmers, especially small farmers and women, by increasing their access to markets, and increasing the use of clean energy in agriculture.
      • Use of clean energy in agriculture will have a two-fold benefit – i) it will reduce cost of farmers and ii) it is climate friendly.
      • It will be used for supporting loans to farmer producer organizations, ag-tech companies, and companies engaged in clean energy solutions for the agriculture sector.
      • It will reach more than 200,000 smallholder farmers in India and is supported by direct grants from several international foundations and the United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.
      • The technical assistance will be provided by the Rabo Foundation (Netherlands) to build stronger linkages to the markets.
      • Loans to FPOs will be provided by three Indian lenders – Samunnati Financial, Maanaveeya, and Avanti Finance.
  2. Union Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation, Shri Amit Shah attended the ‘National Cooperative Conference’ held in New Delhi as the Chief Guest.
  3. Bangabandhu-Bapu digital exhibition was opened for public viewing in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
      • The exhibition showcases the lives of the father of Bangladesh Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and father of India Mahatma Gandhi.

State News

  1. Haryana govt has launched “Mukhyamantri Bagwani Bima Yojana” to compensate farmers growing horticulture crops against the worst weather and natural calamities.
      • The scheme will cover crop losses occurred by abiotic factors like hailstorms, frost, rainfall, flood and fire.
      • Total 21 vegetables, fruits, and spice crops will be covered in the scheme.
      • Total Outlay of the Scheme – Rs 10 crores
      • The scheme will be monitored by state and district level committees under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana.
      • For spices and vegetables, farmers have to pay a premium of Rs 750 and for fruits, farmers will have to pay a premium of Rs 1000 to get an insurance of Rs 30,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively.
  2. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has established the Odisha’ first silk yarn production centre at Choudwar in the Cuttack district.
      • The centre will promote the production of Tussar Silk Yarn.
  3. Ministry of Civil Aviation has launched an airspace map of India for drone operations — allowing civilian drone operators to check the demarcated no-fly zones or where they need to undergo certain formalities before flying one.
      • This map has been developed by MapMyIndia and IT services firm Happiest Minds and is put up on the Directorate General of Civil Aviation’s (DGCA) digital sky platform.
        • Red zone is the ‘no-drone zone’ within which drones can be operated only after a permission from the Central government.
        • Yellow zone requires permission from the concerned air traffic control authorities — which could be either the Airports Authority of India, the Indian Air Force, the Indian Navy, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, etc as the case may be. It is above 400 feet.
        • Green zone requires no permission for operating drones with an all-up weight of up to 500 kg. It is the airspace up to 400 feet.
  4. Union Information & Broadcasting Minister Anurag Thakur inaugurated high power transmitters at one of the highest Radio Stations in the world at Humbatingla in Kargil Ladakh.
      • Transmitters would improve the transmission and the reach in the region especially in the region.
  5. Ladakh hosted the first-ever Himalayan Film Festival, as a part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations.
      • Organisers – Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council-Leh under administration of Union Territory of Ladakh and Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
      • The film festival will showcase films from 12 Himalayan states and Union Territories to provide a platform to filmmakers of this region.
      • Shershah movie was played on the opening ceremony.
      • A short film on late Tashi Rabgias was screened during the event to felicitate the eminent scholar and historian from Ladakh.

Defence News

  1. Ministry of Defence has signed a $2.5 billion contract with Airbus (European company) for the acquisition of 56 Airbus C-295 aircraft.
      • These will replace the Indian Air Force’s legacy fleet of Avro HS-748 aircraft.
      • 40 out of the 56 aircrafts will be built in India by Tata Advanced Systems while 16 will be procured in fly-away condition.

Memorandum of Understanding

  1. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata and the Natural History Museum (NHM), London have signed an MoU to continue their collaboration.
      • ZSI and NHM have been working together on projects that study the fauna of India.
      • Through this MoU, both the institutions are committed to implement the 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Fauna (CITES), 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity and relevant national and regional laws and regulations for protecting biodiversity.
  2. Fun Facts:

      • India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1% of the total species diversity in the world.
      • India has a total of 45,000 species of plants and more than 1,00,000 species of the animals.
      • Countries with Megadiversity: USA, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.

International News

  1. Accra (Ghana) has been chosen as the UNESCO World Book Capital for 2023.
      • Guadalajara (Mexico) is the UNESCO World Book Capital for 2022.
      • Tbilisi (Georgia) is the UNESCO World Book Capital for 2021.
      • Madrid (Spain) has been the first city to be named World Book Capital in 2001.
      • World Book and Copyright Day is observed on April 23.
  2. 76th session of UN General Assembly has been held.
      • The theme of the UNGA 2021 is “Building Resilience through hope to recover from COVID-19, rebuild sustainably, respond to the needs of the planet, respect the rights of people, and revitalise the United Nations.”
      • Indian PM Narendra Modi has announced that India will achieve 450 GW by 2030.
      • The UN High-level Dialogue on Energy was held for the first time in 40 years.
      • During the meeting, India has made commitments to develop and implement a National Hydrogen Energy Mission to scale up annual green hydrogen production to 1 Million Tonnes by 2030.
      • India also announced to begin a Production Linked Incentive Scheme to add 10 GW solar PV manufacturing capacity by 2025.
      • India announced to create 15 MMT production capacity of compressed biogas by 2024, achieve 20% ethanol blending in petrol by 2025-26 and enhance energy efficiency in agriculture, buildings, industry and transport sectors and promote energy-efficient appliances and equipment to reduce country’s emissions intensity of GDP by 33-35% over 2005 levels by 2030.
      • During the Dialogue, more than $400 billion investment was committed by governments and the private sector.
      • The annual investment in clean energy and energy efficiency required to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 is estimated to be $4.4 trillion.
  3. China has announced that all transactions of crypto-currencies are illegal, thus, all digital tokens like Bitcoin are banned in China.
  4. Troops from China and Pakistan has launched a joint anti-terror exercise as part of SCO Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS).
      • RATS, headquartered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, is a permanent organ of the SCO which serves to promote cooperation of member states against terrorism, separatism and extremism.

Reports & Indices

  1. Global Innovation Index 2021 has been released by World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), in partnership with Portulans Institute and other corporate partners.
      • NITI Aayog, CII, and WIPO have organized the India launch of the GII report and Global Innovation Conclave.
      • Total countries – 132
      • Top – Switzerland
Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings
GII rank Economy Score Income group rank Region rank
1 Switzerland 65.5 1 1
2 Sweden 63.1 2 2
3 United States of America 61.3 3 1
4 United Kingdom 59.8 4 3
5 Republic of Korea 59.3 5 1
6 Netherlands 58.6 6 4
7 Finland 58.4 7 5
8 Singapore 57.8 8 2
9 Denmark 57.3 9 6
10 Germany 57.3 10 7
    • India’s rank – 46 (score 36.4)
      • In Innovation Input, India’s rank is 57th.
      • In Innovation Output, India’s rank is 45th.
      • India has been put in the ‘lower middle-income group’ and it has performed above expectations for level of development.
    • Bottom – Angola
    • Parameters – 81 indicators which are grouped into innovation input and innovation output.
  1. “Freedom on the Net 2021” index has been released by Freedom House (U.S.-based not-for-profit entity).
      • More than 60 countries were assessed based on nine key Internet controls to document how governments censor and control the digital space.
  2. Global Scenario:

      • Internet freedom, a term that includes digital rights, freedom of information, and the right to Internet access, has declined for the 11th year in a row worldwide.
      • The greatest deteriorations were found in Myanmar, Belarus, and Uganda, where state forces cracked down amid electoral and constitutional crises.
      • China was ranked as the worst environment for Internet freedom for the seventh year in a row.
      • Governments in least 48 countries attempted to suppress online dissent by pursuing new rules for tech companies on content, data, and competition in the past year.
      • Nearly 72% of the world’s Internet population live in countries where individuals have been killed or attacked for their online activities since June 2020.

    India’s Scenario:

        • At least 45 countries, including India, are suspected to have access to targeted spyware and extraction technology purchased from private companies. Other countries on the list include Nigeria, Hungary, Mexico and Myanmar.
        • Internet control measures that India used are blocking of social media, deliberate disruption of communication network, manipulation of online discussions by pro-government commentators, and the introduction of a new law increasing surveillance and restricting anonymity between May 2020 and June 2021.
        • In fact, India ranks among 55 other countries that have investigated, arrested, or convicted people for their social media posts, especially on WhatsApp, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter.
Freedom on the Net
Stats of Internet users

Banking & Economy

  1. EXIM Bank has signed agreement with Fahi Dhiriulhun Corporation Limited (FDC) of Maldives to extend Buyers Credit of around $228 million for the construction of 4000 Social Housing Units in Maldives.
      • The construction will be undertaken by National Buildings Construction Company (NBCC) and JMC Projects (India) Ltd.
  2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and SBI Card have partnered to launch the ‘BPCL SBI Card co-branded RuPay Contactless Credit Card’.
      • Customers will get discounts and rewards for buying fuels by using this card at BPCL outlets.
  3. Flipkart Wholesale, the digital B2B marketplace of Flipkart Group, has partnered with Davinta, a SME lending platform, to offer ‘Buy Now Pay Later’ credit facility to its retailers.

Appointments

  1. Debabrata Mukherjee has been elected as the chairman of Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) for the year 2021-2022.
      • Pratap G. Pawar is the vice-chairman of the ABC.
      • Mukherjee is currently serving as Chief Marketing Officer at the United Breweries Group.
      • Debabrata was awarded the “Beverage Marketer of the Year” award by the International Advertising Association (IAA) in the FMCG beverages category.
  2. About Audit Bureau of Circulations:

      • The ABC, founded in 1948, is a not for profit, voluntary organisation consisting of Publishers, Advertisers and Advertising Agencies.
      • It develops audit procedures to verify the circulation data published by those newspapers and periodicals which displays its emblem.
      • ABC HQ – Mumbai, Maharashtra
  3. GC Murmu has been appointed as the external auditor to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for a period of six years from 2022 to 2027.
      • The appointment was announced during the 65th Annual Regular Session of the IAEA General Conference in Vienna.

Important Days

  1. World Pharmacist Day is observed on September 25.
      • Theme – Pharmacy: Always Trusted for Your Health
  2. International Week of the Deaf is observed from September 20 to 26.
      • Theme – Celebrating Thriving Deaf Communities
Week of the Deaf

Awards

  1. NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station located in Sikkim has won the prestigious Blue Planet Prize by International Hydropower Association (IHA).The award was announced during the World Hydropower Congress, 2021, which was held virtually.
      • IHA is a London based non-profit membership association operating in 120 countries.
      • The IHA Blue Planet Prize is awarded to hydropower projects that demonstrate excellence in sustainable development.
      • The Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol (HSAP) is the leading international tool for measuring the sustainability of hydropower projects.
      • 2021 IHA Mosonyi Award for Excellence in Hydropower has been awarded to Richard Taylor, Director at RMT Renewables Ltd and former CEO of IHA.
Teesta-V Power Station
  1. According to a poll conducted by Asiamoney, HDFC Bank has been voted as ‘Overall Most Outstanding Company in India’.
      • Asiamoney is a division of global media group Euromoney Institutional Investor PLC, which is located in London.
  2. The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind presented the National Service Scheme Awards for the year 2019-20 in a virtual ceremony.
      • The National Service Scheme was established in 1969, on the occasion of the birth centenary of Mahatma Gandhi.
      • The NSS Awards were instituted by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports in 1993-94 on the occasion of Silver Jubilee Year of National Service Scheme.
      • The aim of these awards is to recognise and reward outstanding contributions towards voluntary community service made by the Universities/ Colleges, (+2) Councils and Senior Secondary, NSS Units/ Programme Officers and NSS Volunteers.

Sports

  1. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) official Geeta Samota has successfully scaled Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa.
      • With this, she became the “fastest Indian” to summit two peaks located in Africa and Russia.
      • Earlier this month, Sub Inspector Geeta Samota had scaled Mount Elbrus in Russia, the highest peak in Europe.
  2. The FIH Men’s Hockey Junior World Cup 2021 (U-21) will be held at the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
Men’s Hockey Junior World Cup
  1. GM Magnus Carlsen has won the 9th EY Norway Chess Tournament for a third year in a row.
      • D Gukesh won the Norway Open 2021 Masters.

Miscellaneous

  1. Odia litterateur Manorama Mohapatra has passed away.
  2. “The Three Khans: And the Emergence of New India” book has been authored by Kaveree Bamzai.
      • The three Khans are Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan, and Aamir Khan.
  3. Eminent women’s rights activist, poet and author Kamla Bhasin passed away.

Start Quiz of 25th and 26th September 2021

Q.1) Which of the following statements is incorrect about the Freedom on the Net 2021 report?
Q.2) Which agency has launched “India Covid Response Program for Agriculture Transition”?
Q.3) Which state has launched “Mukhyamantri Bagwani Bima Yojana” to compensate farmers growing horticulture crops against the worst weather and natural calamities?
Q.4) Where was the first-ever Himalayan Film Festival organized?
Q.5) With which country’s Natural History Museum has Zoological Survey of India signed an MoU to continue their collaboration on projects that study the fauna of India?
Q.6) Which city has been chosen as the UNESCO World Book Capital for 2023?
Q.7) At the UN High-level Dialogue on Energy 2021, India has announced to implement National Hydrogen Energy Mission to scale up annual green hydrogen production to ___ Million Tonnes by 2030?
Q.8) Who has been elected as the chairman of Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) for the year 2021-2022?
Q.9) Who has been appointed as the external auditor to the International Atomic Energy Agency?
Q.10) Which of the following hydropower projects has won the Blue Planet Prize, given by International Hydropower Association?
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About Anuj Jindal

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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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