25th October, 2021 – Daily News

Topics covered – India’s first calf of ‘Banni’ breed, first international flight services from Srinagar (J&K) to Sharjah (UAE), National Inter-Religious Conference in Nagpur , Azadi Amrut Chai , 5th Inter Ministerial Steering Committee , Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission , Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology, Indian Telegraph Right of Way (Amendment) Rules, 2021, India’s first state government-owned Wildlife DNA analysis laboratory , Project Mumkin’, free education for all policy , INS Vikrant, the net-zero emissions , “From Pollution to Solution” report., first-of-its-kind initiative on Cyber Security, ‘Razorpay TokenHQ’ , QR Code Sound Box , government-owned company as ‘not fit & proper’ , President of the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA), International Snow Leopard Day , United Nations Day , World Development Information Day , World Polio Day , 2022 J.A. Cushman Award for Excellence in Foraminiferal Research, ,

Bulletins

  1. India’s first calf of ‘Banni’ breed, which is born through IVF technology, has successfully taken birth at Gir Somnath district of Gujarat.
  2. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has flagged off the first international flight services from Srinagar (J&K) to Sharjah (UAE).
  3. Lokmat Media Group organized the National Inter-Religious Conference in Nagpur to celebrate the golden jubilee year of its Nagpur edition.
  4. M/s Andrew Yule & Co Ltd, a CPSE in Tea Sector under Ministry of Heavy Industries, has come out with a series of Azadi Amrut Chai to celebrate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
  5. During the 5th Inter Ministerial Steering Committee (IMSC) meeting organised by the Ministry of Textile, review of Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) took place.
  6. Pradhan Mantri Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission / PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana has been launched from Varanasi, UP to strengthen the critical healthcare network from village to block to the district to the regional and national level in the next 4-5 years.
  7. Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology, chaired by Shashi Tharoor, has decided to review following issues: –
  8. Department of Telecommunications, under the Ministry of Communication, has released the Indian Telegraph Right of Way (Amendment) Rules, 2021.
  9. India’s first state government-owned Wildlife DNA analysis laboratory has been established at Regional Forensic Science Laboratory (RFSL) in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
  10. In 2020, the J&K administration had launched the ‘Project Mumkin’, in partnership with Ashok Leyland.
  11. Haryana govt has announced free education for all policy in the state.
  12. INS Vikrant, India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier built by the Cochin Shipyard Limited, has entered in its second phase of sea trials.
  13. Australian govt has committed to the net-zero emissions target by 2050.
  14. UN Environment Program has launched “From Pollution to Solution” report.
  15. Union Bank has partnered with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for a first-of-its-kind initiative on Cyber Security.
  16. Razorpay (a fintech firm) has launched ‘Razorpay TokenHQ’ – a tokenized solution for businesses and merchants.
  17. AU Small Finance Bank (HQ – Jaipur) has launched the QR Code Sound Box to help small merchants to run their operations smoothly without the hassle of reading SMS every time when a customer makes a payment.
  18. For the first time, SEBI has declared a government-owned company as ‘not fit & proper’ for acting as a broker.
  19. Invest India has been elected as the President of the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) for 2021-2023.
  20. International Snow Leopard Day is observed on October 23.
  21. United Nations Day is observed on October 24 to celebrate the enforcement of UN Charter in 1945.
  22. World Development Information Day is celebrated on October 24 every year by UN.
  23. World Polio Day is observed on October 24.
  24. Dr Rajiv Nigam (Former Chief Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India), has been chosen for the 2022 J.A. Cushman Award for Excellence in Foraminiferal Research.

Table of Content

National News

  1. India’s first calf of ‘Banni’ breed, which is born through IVF technology, has successfully taken birth at Gir Somnath district of Gujarat.
      • This follows the birth of India’s first batch of ‘Murrah’ breed of buffalo that underwent IVF (in vitro fertilisation) at a farm near Pune last year.
      • Benefits of Banni Breed – This breed of buffaloes can tolerate harsh climatic condition like water scarcity. This will lead to an increase in the livestock wealth of the country.
      • The calf was born to a farmer named Vinay L Wala of Sushila Agro farms, located at Dhanej in Somnath district of Gujarat.
      • Embryo transfer (ET) of 15 embryos resulted in six ‘Banni’ pregnancies (40% pregnancy rate). The result shows the success of the use of IVF technology for multiplication of high yielding and climate resilient indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes in the country.
  2. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has flagged off the first international flight services from Srinagar (J&K) to Sharjah (UAE).
      • This is operated by Go First. Thus, it became the first airline to launch direct flights from Srinagar to Sharjah.
      • It was flagged off from Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport in Srinagar.
      • The direct flights from Sharjah will offer seamless connections to Srinagar and beyond to Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu, Leh and Mumbai and vice versa.
      • The Home Minister also inaugurated the new campus of IIT-Jammu. The IIT was established in 2016 in Paloura, Jammu.
  3. Lokmat Media Group organized the National Inter-Religious Conference in Nagpur to celebrate the golden jubilee year of its Nagpur edition.
  4. M/s Andrew Yule & Co Ltd, a CPSE in Tea Sector under Ministry of Heavy Industries, has come out with a series of Azadi Amrut Chai to celebrate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
  5. During the 5th Inter Ministerial Steering Committee (IMSC) meeting organised by the Ministry of Textile, review of Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) took place.
      • From now, the IMSC meetings will take place on a quarterly basis.
      • In the review, it was announced to reduce the compliance burden by accepting only single certificate from the concerned bank instead of multiple documents regarding evidence of payment for claimed machineries.
      • The Ministry has also decided to simplify the procedure for Joint inspection by linking joint inspection to subsidy support size by reducing burden on bracket lower than Rs 50 lakh instead of present 100%.
  6. About Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS):

Launch • The Ministry of Textiles had introduced the Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme in 1999 as a credit-linked subsidy scheme for modernisation and technology up-gradation of the Indian textile industry, promoting ease of doing business, generating employment and promoting exports.
• The Amended TUFS was launched in 2016 to catalyse capital investments for technology upgradation and modernization of the textile industry.
• In 2018, the scheme was further modified to ease the procedures.
Purpose • Under the scheme, the capital investment subsidy is provided for installing machinery by the industry after physical verification.
• The scheme promotes ease of doing business and achieve the vision of generating employment and promoting exports through “Make in India’’ with "Zero effect and Zero defect" in manufacturing.
• It also indirectly promotes investment in textile machinery.
Budget & Tenure • The ATUFS is a credit linked Capital Investment Subsidy (CIS) scheme. It was operationalised for 2016 to 2022 period with an outlay of Rs. 17822 crores.
• Rs. 17822 crores is divided into Rs. 12,671 crore for committed liability of previous versions of TUFS & Rs. 5151 crore for new cases under ATUFS.
Portal • The ongoing ATUFS is being implemented through web based iTUFS platform.
Committees • The scheme is being administered with a two stage monitoring mechanism by Technical Advisory-cum-Monitoring Committee (TAMC) and Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee (IMSC).
Subsidy Rates • Every eligible individual entity (not the unit) will be entitled for reimbursement of Capital Investment Subsidy (CIS) under this scheme, as per the following rates:
Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme
  1. Pradhan Mantri Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission / PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana has been launched from Varanasi, UP to strengthen the critical healthcare network from village to block to the district to the regional and national level in the next 4-5 years.
      • The scheme has 3 aspects.
1. Creation of facilities for diagnostic and treatment • Health and Wellness Centers are being opened in villages and cities.
• Facilities like free medical consultation, free tests, free medicine will be available in these centres.
• For serious illness, 35000 new critical care-related beds will be added in 600 districts and referral facilities will be given in 125 districts.
2. Testing network for diagnosis of diseases • 730 districts of the country will get Integrated Public Health labs
• 3000 blocks will get Block Public Health Units
• 5 Regional National Centers for Disease Control, 20 Metropolitan units
3. Expansion of research institutes • 4 New National institutes of Virology
• One National Institute for One Health
• WHO regional research platform for South Asia will also strengthen this network.
  1. Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology, chaired by Shashi Tharoor, has decided to review following issues: –
      • Ethical standards in media coverage,
      • Impact of suspension of telecom services and internet in J&K and other states,
      • Functioning of the Prasar Bharati organisation,
      • Challenges faced by the Indian film industry
      • Functioning and outreach of Doordarshan channels and the bureau of outreach and communication (BOC)
      • Growth and opportunities of community radio stations
      • Citizens’ data security and privacy,
      • Digital payment and online security measures for data protection
      • Functioning of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
      • Cyber security scenario
      • Information technology act of 2000 and the telegraph act of 1885
      • Functioning of BSNL, MTNL, TRAI
    • Presently, the Committee examines issues related to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, functioning of Central Board of Film Certification and the framework of censorship.
  2. Department of Telecommunications, under the Ministry of Communication, has released the Indian Telegraph Right of Way (Amendment) Rules, 2021.
      • The rules seek to fix the amount of one-time compensation for establishing overground telegraph line at a maximum of Rs 1,000 per km.
      • There will be uniform procedure for establishing overground telegraph line.
      • Both the provisions of the one-time compensation and the uniform procedure have been incorporated from the Indian Telegraph Right of Way Rules, 2016.
      • There will also be no fee other than administrative fee and restoration charges for establishing, maintaining, working, repairing, transferring or shifting the underground and over ground telegraph infrastructure.

State News

  1. India’s first state governmentowned Wildlife DNA analysis laboratory has been established at Regional Forensic Science Laboratory (RFSL) in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
      • There are two central government-owned Wildlife DNA laboratory at Dehradun and Hyderabad.
      • Besides this, fast-track DNA test units at RFSL will also be inaugurated in Mumbai and Pune exclusively for cases registered under the Protection of Children From Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
      • The five laboratories in the state, including Nanded and Kolhapur, would have a fast-track DNA testing unit developed with the special fund of Rs 53 crore under Nirbhaya Fund.
  2. In 2020, the J&K administration had launched the ‘Project Mumkin’, in partnership with Ashok Leyland.
      • Under the Project, the administration aims to provide small commercial vehicles to youth, between the age of 22 to 35 years, to enable them earn their livelihood.
      • These vehicles are provided at the subsidised rates. The subsidy is shared between the administration and the manufacturer of the vehicles.
      • Now, Ashok Leyland has provided over 500 vehicles to the youth under the project.
  3. Haryana govt has announced free education for all policy in the state.
      • Under the state government’s recent Parivar Pehchan Patra (family id) scheme, those students whose confirmed family income is less than Rs 1.80 lakh per annum will receive free school education.
      • The concept of free education is already in place till middle school, now we have extended this up to Class-12 in government schools.
      • Special Education Zones (SEZs) will be set up to improve the enrolment from disadvantaged groups.
      • A Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF) of ₹115 crore will also be created to provide higher financial assistance to girl students in these SEZs.
  4. Other Initiatives:

      • In March 2021, the state govt allocated ₹700 crores exclusively for digital-driven teaching initiative in schools.
      • Aarohi, Kasturba Gandhi and Mewat Model schools will be upgraded to the level of Model Sanskiti Schools.
      • The ongoing ‘Super-100 programme’, which provides coaching to meritorious students appearing for JEE/NEET exams, will be started in Hisar and Karnal as well.
      • The ongoing Saksham Haryana Programme aims to enhance conceptual understanding of students from Classes 3-8.

Defence News

  1. INS Vikrant, India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier built by the Cochin Shipyard Limited, has entered in its second phase of sea trials.

International News

  1. Australian govt has committed to the net-zero emissions target by 2050.

Reports & Indices

  1. UN Environment Program has launched “From Pollution to Solution” report.
      • The report reveals the impact of marine litter and plastic pollution in the environment and their effects on the health of ecosystems, wildlife and humans.
  2. Findings of the Report:

      • Plastics contribute to at least 85% of total marine waste.
      • Without urgent action, the estimated 11 million metric tons of plastic currently entering the ocean annually will triple by 2040.
      • This would mean between 23 and 37 million metric tons of plastic flowing into the ocean every year by 2040.
      • Plastics are harmful for marine animals. Many animals either die due to the consumption of plastic or lose their habitat due to plastic litter.

Banking & Economy

  1. Union Bank has partnered with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for a first-of-its-kind initiative on Cyber Security.
      • Under this collaboration, both entities will spread awareness among public about the measures for securing themselves against cyber threats.
  2. Razorpay (a fintech firm) has launched ‘Razorpay TokenHQ’ – a tokenized solution for businesses and merchants.
      • This facility will allow businesses to offer tokenized payment solution to their end customers.
      • The facility has been launched in partnership with all major card networks including Mastercard, RuPay and Visa and businesses.
  3. AU Small Finance Bank (HQ – Jaipur) has launched the QR Code Sound Box to help small merchants to run their operations smoothly without the hassle of reading SMS every time when a customer makes a payment.
      • This sound box gives voice notification.
      • The new sound box is available in five languages including Hindi, English, Punjabi, Gujarati and Marathi.
      • In August, AU SFB has launched its Mega Brand Campaign – BADLAAV Humse Hai.
  4. For the first time, SEBI has declared a government-owned company as ‘not fit & proper’ for acting as a broker.
      • The company is PEC Ltd, a 100% PSU under Ministry of Commerce. The company’s board was headed by secretary-level officials from the Ministry of Commerce.
      • The company has been accused of carrying out illegal trades on NSEL’s spot exchange platform between 2010 and 2013.
      • Further, NSEL was declared as an illegal exchange and the PSU’s trade on it is questionable.

Appointments

  1. Invest India has been elected as the President of the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) for 2021-2023.
      • The Steering Committee of WAIPA for 2021-23 includes the President, two Vice Presidents – Egypt and Switzerland, and nine Regional Directors, Brazil, South Korea, Finland, Kuwait, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Azerbaijan, Ghana, and Samoa.
  2. About WAIPA:

      • WAIPA is the primary nodal global agency for Investment Promotion Agencies, representing 105 countries, and is a premier global platform for investment and trade.
      • Established in 1995 under the auspices of the UNCTAD, to promote the role of Investment Promotion Agencies (IPAs) in enhancing economic development and FDI.
      • The headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.
      • WAIPA council members are United Nations organisations including the UNCTAD, WTO, ILO, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the OECD and the International Economic Development Council (IEDC).

Important Days

  1. International Snow Leopard Day is observed on October 23.
      • India is one of the 12 leopard range countries in the world.
      • The Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopard was adopted in 2013.
  2. United Nations Day is observed on October 24 to celebrate the enforcement of UN Charter in 1945.
      • UN Day was first observed on 24 October, 1948. This year marks the 76th anniversary of the UN’s establishment.
      • From 51 members when it was established, the UN has grown to accommodate 193 nations.
      • In 2021, UN annual concert was organized under the theme “Building Back Together for Peace and Prosperity” to mark this day.
  3. World Development Information Day is celebrated on October 24 every year by UN.
      • Theme – Action for Sustainable Development Goal
      • UNGA founded the day in 1972 to raise awareness about problems related to development and enhance efforts to solve them through strengthening international collaboration.
  4. World Polio Day is observed on October 24.
      • Theme – Delivering on a Promise
      • The day was established by Rotary International to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.

Awards

  1. Dr Rajiv Nigam (Former Chief Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India), has been chosen for the 2022 J.A. Cushman Award for Excellence in Foraminiferal Research.
      • Reason – for his lifetime contributions to the field of foraminifera (microfossil) research.
      • Nigam is the first Indian citizen who is selected for this lifetime achievement award.
      • The award is the highest honour given by the US-based Cushman Foundation.
      • The award will be presented at the Cushman Reception at the 2022 Geological Society of America meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA, from October 9-12-2022.
Dr Rajiv Nigam

Start Quiz of 25th October 2021

Q.1) Which breed of buffaloes has become the first climate resilient breed to be born through IVF technology?
Q.2) Which has become the first Indian airline to start flight operation from Srinagar to Sharjah?
Q.3) When was the Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) launched?
Q.4) Where is India’s first state government-owned Wildlife DNA analysis laboratory established?
Q.5) Which company is partnering with the J&K administration for ‘Project Mumkin’?
Q.6) As per the “From Pollution to Solution” report of UN Environment Program, Plastics contribute to at least 85% of total marine waste. Without urgent action, the estimated __ million metric tons (MMT) of plastic currently entering the ocean annually will triple by 2040?
Q.7) Which bank has partnered with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for a first-of-its-kind initiative on Cyber Security?
Q.8) Recently, Invest India has been elected as the President of the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) for 2021-2023. The Steering Committee of WAIPA for 2021-23 includes the President, two Vice Presidents, along with nine Regional Directors. Which of the following are the Vice-Presidents for 2021-23?
Q.9) Who has become the first Indian to win the J.A. Cushman Award for Excellence in Foraminiferal Research in lifetime achievement category?
Q.10) When is the World Development Information Day observed?
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About Anuj Jindal

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Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 4 years of experience in the field of Education.

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