‘Adolescents, Diets and Nutrition: Growing Well in a Changing World’ report released by  UNICEF and NITI Aayog 


🗓️ 06th November 2019

UNICEF has released the report ‘Adolescents, Diets and Nutrition: Growing Well in a Changing World’, in association with NITI Aayog, which is based on the recently released Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey released by Ministry of Health and UNICEF. 

Key findings of the report: 

  • Over 50% of adolescents (about 63 million girls and 81 million boys) in the age group of 10 to 19 years in India are, short, thin, overweight or obese. 
  • Over 80% of adolescents also suffer from ‘hidden hunger’, i.e. the deficiency of one or more micronutrients such as iron, folate, zinc, vitamin A, vit B12 and vit D. 
  • More adolescent girls suffer from shortness than boys, anaemia affects 40% of adolescent girls, compared to 18% of boys, and worsens as they get older. 
  • Adolescents in every Indian state face an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease. 

What does the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey say about malnutrition in adolescents? 

  • Iron Deficiency40.6% of children and adolescents in urban areas and 29% of rural area are having prevalence of iron deficiency. 
  • Subscapular skinfold thickness (SSFT): Overall 8% of children aged 5-9 years and 6% of adolescents aged 10-19 years had a high SSFT. While 14.5% of children in the age group of 5 to 9 years in urban area had higher SSFT than 5.3% in rural areas, 10.4% of adolescents surveyed in urban areas in the age group of 10-19 had higher SSFT than 4.3% in rural areas. 
  • Which state has a higher SSFT? – Largest prevalence was observed in Goa (21%) and Delhi (15%) with lowest prevalence being recorded from Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand (3%) and for adolescents in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Assam (2%). 
  • Prevalence of stunting(37% in rural versus 27% in urban), underweight (36% in rural versus 26% in urban) and severe acute malnutrition (34.7% in rural areas for children in 5-9 years versus 23.7% in urban areas, 27.4% in urban areas for adolescents in 10-19 years versus 32.4% in rural areas) was higher in rural areas. 
  • Which state has higher or lower levels of stunting? – High levels of Stunting are in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh between the range of 3742%. Low levels of Stunting are in Goa and Jammu and Kashmir between the range of 16-21%. 
  • Which state has higher or lower prevalence of Obesity? – Highest percentage of children with abdominal obesity was observed in Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa (7% each), while the lowest percentage was observed in Bihar (0.3%). 
  • Vitamin A deficiencyAccording to CNNS, 1 in 5 (18%) children younger under the age of five have vitamin A deficiency. 
  • Anaemia: Every second woman in India is anaemic, with anaemia most prevalent in children under five (40.5%), according to the CNNS. 
  • Most unhealthy state for children: Gujarat is the India’s unhealthiest state for children, according to an analysis of the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) 2016-18. 

Month: Current Affairs – November 2019 

Categories: National News

Important Points: Adolescents, Changing World, Ministry of Health, UNICEF, Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey, hidden hunger, micronutrients, malnutrition, Subscapular skinfold thickness, abdominal obesity

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