Annual report 2018-19, released by Ministry of Home Affairs, violence by left-wing extremism


🗓️ 07th November 2019

According to the Annual report 2018-19, released by the Ministry of Home Affairs, violence by left-wing extremism or Maoism is now spread over 30 districts in 2018, reduced from the 60 districts in the previous year. 

  • Communist Party of India-Maoists (banned outfit) was responsible for 88% of the violence. 
  • 10 LWE affected States – Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. 
  • The central government has also sanctioned the raising of 10 new Specialised India Reserve Battalion for Bihar (1), Chhattisgarh (2), Jharkhand (2), Madhya Pradesh (1), Odisha (3) and West Bengal (1) and eight have been raised. 
  • The scheme had included the incapacitated security personnel and property damage for the first time. 
  • Which state has the highest incidents of crime? – In the north-east region, Manipur alone accounted for about 50% of the total incidents in 2018 (entire NE: 252, Manipur: 127). However, the total incidents of insurgency have declined by 24% in Manipur. 
  • Nagaland witnessed the highest number of insurgency incidents in 2018. 

Schemes to combat Naxal hit areas: 

  • Ministry of Home Affairs is implementing six specific schemes in affected areas (for quite some time now):  
  • Security Related Expenditure scheme: Centre has approved the SRE scheme for a period of three years (2017-18 to 2019-20) with an increased budget of Rs 445 crore. 
  • The central government reimburses the state governments for the expenditure incurred on ex-gratia payment to the family of civilian and security forces killed in the violence. 
  • Special Infrastructure Scheme: It has been approved for a period of three years from 2017-18 to 2019-20 for the strengthening of the State Intelligence Branches (SIBs) and Special Forces of the states, among other measures. 
  • Fortified Police Stations scheme: It aims to assist the state governments in the construction and strengthening of 400 fortified police stations at the cost of Rs 2 crore per police station at 80:20 (Centre: state) basis. 
  • Civic Action Programme: Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) or paramilitary forces are provided with financial grants for undertaking various welfare activities in the affected areas.  
  • Special Central Assistance scheme: Approved in 2017 for a period of three years – from 2017-18 to 2019-20  with an outlay of Rs 3,000 crore (Rs 1,000 crore per year, the scheme aims to fill the critical gaps in public infrastructure and services. 
  • Assistance to Central Agencies for LWE Management Scheme: Approved for a period of three years — from 2017-20 to 2019-20 – with a total outlay of Rs 150 crore (Rs 50 crore per annum), the scheme aims to fund CAPFs and Central agencies for hiring of helicopters by the Central Reserve Police Force, 
  • Besides this, a Standard Operating Procedure is also being launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs for Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) and landmines. 

Month: Current Affairs – November 2019 

Categories: National News

Important Points: Annual report, Maoism, Ministry of Home Affairs, Communist Party of India-Maoists, Specialised India Reserve Battalion, Schemes to combat Naxal, Security Related Expenditure scheme, Special Infrastructure Scheme, Fortified Police Stations scheme, LWE Management Scheme

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