Current Affairs 2019-20
April Spotlight 2019
🗓️ April 2019
1. In the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV C-45)’s 47th mission, ISRO has successfully launched an electronic intelligence satellite ‘EMISAT’ for the DRDO along with 28 third party satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
It is country’s first Electronic Surveillance Satellite and will be used for Electronic Signals Intelligence (ELINT).
EMISAT detects electronic signals on ground, especially hidden enemy radars.
2. Hump-backed Mahseer has been declared as the Critically Endangered species in the Red List of Threatened Species.
Declared by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Also known as Tiger of the Water.
The Hump-backed Mahseer is found only in the Cauvery river basin including Pambar, Kabini and Bhavani rivers.
3. A variety of turmeric indigenous to southern Odisha – Kandhamal Haldi earns Geographical indication (GI) tag.
The registration of GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed.
4. The third edition of ‘AUSINDEX-19’ (Australia India Exercise) began on April 2, 2019 with the arrival of Royal Australian Navy’s fleet at Visakhapatnam.
It is bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and Royal Australian Navy.
5. Starting May, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to send up at least Eight Earth Observation (EO) satellites of varied hues.
HysIS was launched in November; Microsat-R in January and the EMISAT sent into orbit on April 1.
Cartosat-3 will have 30 cm resolution which means it can clearly ‘see’ and capture images of guns, devices, objects or human movement at that scale from space.
RISAT series can provide almost an uninterrupted view of earth, day or night, rain or shine for forces to detect border infiltration.
6. The Indian Army has successfully built the longest suspension bridge of India ‘Matiri Bridge’ over the Indus River in the Leh-Ladakh region.
It is 260-feet long suspension bridge.
It is built in a record time of 40 days.
7. State-owned telecom service provider Bharatiya Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) has received licence from the Department of Telecommunications to provide Internet and mobile services on flights.
BSNL and its satellite partner, Inmarsat, will offer in-flight connectivity to airlines.
According to the rules, passengers can make phone calls or use Internet when a flight is at a minimum height of 3,000 m in Indian airspace to avoid interference with terrestrial mobile networks.
8. The United States Department of State has approved the sale of 24 MH-60R Seahaw Maritime multi-mission helicopters to India under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program.
The value of the potential is $2.6 billion.
Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS Program.
The proposed sale will provide India the capability to perform anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare missions, secondary missions like search and rescue, and communications relay.
Once inducted, the Seahawk helicopters will replace India’s ageing British-made Sea King fleet that has been in service since 1971.
9. Phayeng Village in Manipur (Imphal West district) has become India’s first carbon-positive settlement.
Phayeng is a scheduled caste village of the Chakpa community.
A village is given the carbon-positive tag if it sequesters more carbon than it emits, slowing the accumulation of greenhouse gases and mitigating the effects of climate change.
10. Guwahati Railway Station has become the first railway station in Indian Railways to get an ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) certification from the National Green Tribunal (NGT).
Reason – “providing passenger amenities in a clean and green environment”.
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