January Spotlight 2020


🗓️ January 2020

NATIONAL NEWS

1. Global Carbon Project has made some observations on India that India’s emissions in 2019 was expected to be only 1.8% higher than in 2018.

  • Growth in India’s electricity generation has weakened from 6% per year to under 1% due to weak economy.
  • Hydropower generation was high due to wet monsoon while coal generation declined.
  • As per the observations, economic slowdown is the reason for a lower emission growth in India as well as in the rest of the world, and also in China, the world’s largest emitter. About Global Carbon Project (GCP):
  • Established in: 2001
  • Established by: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, the World Climate Programme, the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change and Diversitas
  • Purpose: to reduce the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
  • This partnership constituted the Earth Systems Science Partnership (ESSP) which subsequently evolved into Future Earth (handler of GCP).
  • GCP is a research partner of the World Climate Research Programme.
  • The project focuses on to reducing 3 major greenhouse gases- CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide.

2. A workshop-cum-exhibition on ‘Bamboo – A wonder grass: Opportunity for Sustainable Development in Jobs’ will be organized in Jammu by the North Eastern Council (Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre of Assam) and J&K UT administration.

  • Purpose: to replicate the successful model being adopted in the North East to market its products.

3. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved to reduce central govt’s shareholding in selected Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) where the govt shareholding is below 51%.

  • However, the management control will differ on a case to case basis.

4. Andhra Pradesh CM Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy has proposed to create 3 capital cities in Andhra Pradesh for effective decentralization of governance in the state.

  • Reddy proposed to create Visakhapatnam as the executive, Amaravati as the legislative and Kurnool as the judicial capitals of the state. Committees related to the news:
  • Extra Facts: The 3 capital model has been taken from South Africa which has administrative capital in Pretoria, national legislature in Cape Town and judicial capital in Bloemfontein.

5. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has also approved the amendments in the Toll Operate Transfer (TOT) Model proposed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).

  • National Highway projects which are operational and have toll revenue generation history of 1 year after the Commercial Operations Date (COD) shall be monetized through the TOT Model.
  • TOT model provides for a fixed 30-year concession period.
  • The fund, generated from monetization of highways, will be used by the govt for developing new highways.

6. Results of the Swachh Survekshan League 2020 (Quarter 1 and Quarter 2) has been released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).

  • 5 th edition of the Swachh Survekshan 2020 (the annual urban cleanliness survey conducted by MoHUA) was also launched.
  • SS League 2020 is being conducted in 3 quarters, i.e. April- June, July – September and October- December 2019 and has 2000 marks for each quarter.
  • Ranks have been assigned in two categories, namely, cities with population of 1 lakh and above (with two sub-categories, i.e. 1-10 lakh and 10 lakhs and above) and cities with population of less than 1 lakh (under the < 1 lakh population category, the rankings are given zone and population wise).
  • SS League holds 25% weightage in the Swachh Survekshan 2020.
  • Parameters: waste water management and faecal sludge management have been given special attention among 12 indicators. Results of the SS League 2020: Category Top Cities Cities with population above 10 lakh Top Ranker (Q1) – Indore (Madhya Pradesh) Top Ranker (Q2) – Indore (Madhya Pradesh) Cities with population between 1-10 lakh Top Ranker (Q1) – Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) Top Ranker (Q2) – Jamshedpur (Jharkhand)

7. President of India, Ram Nath Kovind (on October 31st, 2019) had revoked the President’s Rules – imposed under Article 356 – on the consolidated state of J&K as the article is not applicable on UTs.

  • Section 73 of J&K Reorganization Act, 2019 grants the powers to the President of India to take over the administration of J&K UT in case of failure of the UT administration.
  • In exercise of the powers granted under Section 73, President has taken control of J&K UT.
  • Under Section 74, President has authorized expenditure to be carried out of the Consolidated fund of UT of J&K.

8. Kerala has become the first state in India to pass a resolution for scrapping the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019.

  • Kerala’s CM: Pinarayee Vijayan
  • While Uttar Pradesh has become the first state to start work under the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019.

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