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March Spotlight 2020


🗓️ March 2020

NATIONAL NEWS

1. According to the first ever ranking of 28 states and 8 UTs released by central govt on the basis of direct benefit transfer (DBT) payout, Haryana has topped in terms of DBT payout with Rs 4,782 crores payment in 2019-20.

  • West Bengal is the worst performing state at the 36th position. The state does not implement several central schemes in which subsidies are involved.
  • Govt has claimed to save nearly Rs 28,700 crore in the first nine months of 2019-20 through DBT.
  • Through the Central DBT schemes, central govt has disbursed over Rs 2.25 lakh crores through 439 schemes run by 56 ministries and departments in 2019-20.
    Note: – In the picture, Uttar Pradesh has the highest amount of DBT payouts and number of transactions. However, Haryana has been given the 1st rank, which I found in every news article. Therefore, the rankings are little ambiguous. Focus on the ranks of states instead of the number of transactions and amount.

2. Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in India to have 100% LPG coverage under the PM Ujjawala Scheme (PMUY).

  • ‘Himachal Grihini Suvidha Yojana’ was launched in 2018 to provide LPG connections to the remaining households which are left in the PMUY. Note: PMUY scheme has been covered in detail in ESI >> Govt scheme.

3. According to a progress report ‘Transforming Nutrition in India: Poshan Abhiyan’, released by the NITI Aayog, 1 in 3 Aadhaar-based payments made under the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) was credited to a wrong bank account.

  • Out of the 31.29 lakh Aadhaar-based payments, 28% are going to different bank
    accounts than what had been provided by the beneficiaries.
  • Only 66% of the direct benefit transfers were based on Aadhaar.
  • NITI Aayog has proposed “rationalise” the mandatory waiting period of 180 days
    before the second instalment is released as well as the compulsory birth certificate for the release of the third instalment.
  • In this report, states were ranked on the basis of their readiness to implement the
    Poshan Abhiyaan across four themes: governance and institutional mechanism; strategy and planning; service delivery and capacities; and programme activities and intervention coverage.
  • Jammu & Kashmir is considered as a state.

Category Top ranker Bottom Ranker

Larger states (with more than 70% score)

1. Andhra Pradesh 2. Chhattisgarh
3. Madhya Pradesh

17. Karnataka
18. Assam
19. Kerala
(average score below 55%)

Smaller states (score 75%) Note: – all small States had a score above 55%

1. Mizoram 2. Sikkim

6. Tripura,
7. Manipur
8. Goa
(average score below 60%)

UTs (scored above 75%)

1. Dadra and Nagar Haveli 2. Chandigarh
3. Daman and Diu

6. Delhi
7. Lakshadweep
(average score below 50%)

4. J&K govt along with AICTE signed MoU with 4 IITs (Guwahati, Ropar, Pune, and Bhubaneshwar) and 3 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs of Orrisa, Pune and Kolkata).

  • Purpose of MoU: To provide a two-month internship to 500 final year students of
    J&K during the 2020-21 academic session.
  • It is the first-of-a-kind internship initiative where the travelling expenses of students
    will be funded by the Ministry of HRD through AICTE while the hostel and tuition expenses will be borne by the host institutions.

5. International Conference on Banana (ICB) 2020 was held in Trichy, Tamil Nadu.

  • Award: – Dr N Kumar (Vice-Chancellor of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University) was
    awarded with ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ given by ICAR-National Research
    Centre for Banana.
  • Organizer: – ICAR-National Research Center for Banana, Bioversity International (Rome)- International Center for Tropical Agriculture.
  • Theme: – Innovations in Sustainable Production and Value Chain Management in Banana.

6. Ministry for Human Resource Development has launched the “Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrator”.

  • University Grants Commission (UGC) and British Council under the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) have jointly launched this initiative.
  • Objective: – to train the senior and middle level academic administrators to bring about systemic changes in Universities in India.

7. National Cyber Research, Innovation and Capacity Centre has been inaugurated at Central Detective Training Institute (CDTI) in Hyderabad, Telangana to combat cyber threats.

  • This centre has been set up by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) under Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C).
  • It is one of the 7 major units to be established under I4C. Note: – I4C is discussed in July Spotlight (National News).

8. First-ever National conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience was organized by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) in Delhi.

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